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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
brain tumor headache
constant HA of new onset > 50 y/o
neuro defects: sz, altered mental status
pseudotumor cerebri
intracranial HTN, obese female, incr P on LP, papilledema
tx: acetozolamide, prednisone
throbbing HA, lasting 1/2 day, vasodilation, photophobia/phonophobia, n/v, possible neuro changes- visual or sensory loss, may or may not have aura
do not give OCP
migraine tx
Ergots, tryptans
avoid PPT factors: stress, smoke, foods (tyramine), caffeine, alcohol, MSG, estrogen
tension HA
frontal/occipital, constant, chronic
no migraine sxs
Tx: NSAIDS, amytripytlene
cluster HA
unilateral, periorbital
duration- 1/2 hr to 3 hr everyday for several weeks
partial horner's syndrome, rhinorrhea, lacrimation, alcohol
Tx: O2, Ergot or tryptan
adult brain tumors
mets, GBM, meningioma, schwannoma
most common primary brain tumor
bad prognosis
in cerebral hemispheres; can cross corpus callosum
stain with GFAP
pseudopalisading cells- border areas of necrosis and hemorrhage
in convexities of hemispheres and parasagittal region
arises from arachnoid cells external to brain; resectable
spindle cells concentrically arranged in whorled pattern, psammoma bodies
presents with tinnitis and hearing loss
relatively rare, slow growing
most often in frontal lobes
fried egg cells- round nuclei with clear cytoplasm
often calc in oligodendroglioma
pit adenoma
prl secreting is most common
bitemporal hemianopia (due to pressure on optic chiasm) and hyper/hypo pit are sequelae
gynecomastia, amenorrhea, ED
Rathke's pouch
pilocytic (low grade) astrocytoma
diffusely infiltrating glioma
posterior fossa
benign, good prognosis
Rosenthal fibers- eosinophilic corkscrew fibers
highly malignant cerebellar tumor
a form of PNET
can compress 4th ventricle- hydrocephalus
most commonly in 4th ventricle; can cause hydrocephalus, poor prognosis
perivasc pseudorosettes
rod shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
most often cerebellar; assoc with VHL when found with retinal angiomas
can produce EPO-polycythemia
foamy cells and high vasc are characteristic
benign childhood tumor confused with pit adenoma (cause cause bitemp hemaniopia)
derived from Rathke's pouch; calc is common