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115 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pott's disease
TB of the spine
Paget's disease
enlarged and deformed bones
causes hypercalcemia
Cubital tunnel syndrome affects this nerve
Ulnar nerve at the (funny bone)
What disease causes HYPER vitaminosis-D
sarcoidosis
mono-articular joint pain and bilateral Bell’s palsy
Lyme disease
Urinalysis of pt shows WBC casts, what’s the DX
pyelonephritis
Infant becomes flaccid after eating honey, what’s the organism
C. botulinium
What exposure leads to squamous cell carcinoma of penis
HPV
Pt develops endocarditis three weeks post prosthetic heart valve insertion, what’s the organism(s)
S. Aureus
Pt visits Mexico and gets bloody diarrhea, what RBC ingesting trophozoite will be found in stool
Entameoba histolytica
Which clostridium causes gas gangrene
Clostridium perfringens
What titer is used in detecting rheumatic fever
anti-ASO
HaEMOPhilus Influenzae causes
Epiglotitis
Meningitis
Ottitis media
Pneumonia
Hansen’s disease is aka
leprosy
Name the spirochetes
Borrelia
Leptospira
Treponema
Organism that causes syphilis
Treponema pallidum
Brain abcesses and birth defects assoc. with
toxoplasmosis
Bloating, flatulence and foul smelling diarrhea caused by
Giardia
Trypanosoma cruzi causes
Chaga's disease
Which virus causes sore throat and pink eye
adenovirus
What sign is for measles
Koplik spots on buccal mucosa
Name the 3 C's of measles
Cough
Coryza (acute rhinitis)
Conjunctivitis
In this test, Heterophil antibodies agglutinate w/sheep RBCs
Mono DX test
Which Hep is transmitted fecal-oral
HEP A and E transmitted fecal-oral
Best test to detect active HAV infection
IgM HAV-Ab
____ consist only of proteins – no DNA or RNA
Prions
Prions are assoc. with
Spongyform encephalopathy
What causes osteomyelitis in most people
S. Aureus
Dog or cat bite bug
Pasteurella multocida
The most common Circle of Willis aneurysm
Anterior communicating
An infarct in this Circle of Willis artery may cause CN III palsy
Posterior communicating
Disease affecting only motor neurons and sparing sensory
ALS
What are the signs of UMN damage
Spastic paralysis (clonus)
Hyperactive DTRs
Babinski
Horner's syndrome S/Sx
Ptosis
miosis
anhydrosis
enopthalmos
What injury often causes injury to radial nerve
Humerus fracture
Axillary nerve often damaged in what type of injuries
Shoulder dislocation
Surgical neck of humerus fracture
Damage to the medial epicondyle can damage the ____ nerve
Ulnar nerve
_____ palsy is the traction or tear of the SUPERIOR trunk of the brachial plexus (C5 and C6 roots)
Erb-Duchenne

presents with a "waiter's tip" position
compression of the subclavian artery and inferior trunk of the brachial plexus
Thoracic outlet syndrome
RHF results in
LHF results in
Peripheral edema
Pulmonary edema
_____ aka generalized edema
Anasarca
Cardiogenic shock is most often caused by
LHF due to MI
High blood pressure in arms, low BP in legs
Coarctation of the aorta
Obese woman presents with hirsutism and ↑ levels of serum testosterone, what is the DX
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
Pt presents with diffuse goiter and hyperthyroidism, what are the expected TSH and thyroid hormone levels
Low TSH, high thyroid hormone levels
25 y/o female, sudden uniocular vision loss, HX of parasthesias and weakness that have resolved
MS
DX: child with weakness and enlarged calves
Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy

X-linked disorder
Elderly woman present with headache and jaw pain, labs show ↑ESR, DX:
temporal arteritis
Most likely cause of systolic crescendo-decrescendo murmur
Aortic stenosis
30 y/o man with BRBPR after stressful event. Colonic biopsy shows transmural inflammation
Crohn's disease
What are the clinical findings in pneumothorax
Pleuritic pain, SOB
What are the three T’s of blue babies
Tetrology of Fallot
Transposition of the Great vessels
Truncus arteriousus
the most common heart congenital anomaly
VSD
Edward’s syndrome is trisomy ____
18 (Election age is 18)
Patau’s syndrome is trisomy ____
13 (Puberty is at 13)
Down syndrome is trisomy ___
21 (drinking age)
What is one of the most common causes of hypo-gonadism in males
Kleinfelter's
Turner's syndrome
Monosomy X

Short stature
Broad chest
Lymphoedema
Turner’s is most common cause of
Primary amenorrhea
X-linked defect affecting the methylation and expression of FMR-1 gene. It is the 2nd most common cause of mental retardation
Fragile X syndrome
Marfan’s is due to
Fibrillin gene mutation
_____: café au lait spots, neural tumors, Lisch nodules (pigmented iris hamartomas)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 AKA von Recklinghausens due to chromosome 17 mutation (17 letters in name)
disease causing depression, progressive dementia and chorea
Huntington's chorea
What is the number one cause of congenital malformations in the US?
Fetal alchohol syndrome
disorder of DNA repair in which the body's normal ability to remove damage caused by UV light is deficient
Xeroderma pigmentosum; leads to BCC and Squamous cell carcinoma
Actinic keratosis
small cell carcinoma
Cirrhosis from ETOH, Hep B or C leads to?
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Dysplastic nevus leads to
malignant melanoma
HHV-8 causes?
Kaposi's sarcoma
cancer assoc. with HPV
Cervical cancer
cancer assoc. with HBV,HCV
Hepatocellular carcinoma
most common primary brain tumor
Gliomas
second most common brain tumor
meningioma
disorders of the neuromuscular junction
Myethenia Gravis
Lambert-Eaton syndrome
How do we distinguish between immune mediated and non-immune mediated hemolysis
Coomb's test
What causes sickle cell
substitution in the beta-HgB chain of glutamic acid with valine
Alpha-thalassemia is due to missing alpha-globins (up to 4). If all 4 are missing, what results in utero
Hydrops fetalis and
What is the most common bleeding disorder
von Willebrand's
Multiple myeloma: monoclonal ____ cell with fried-egg appearance. Produces large amounts of which Ig?
Plasma cell
IgG
What causes achalasia
Loss of myenteric plexus (Auerbachs) results in failure of relaxation of LES
Bird’s beak due to
achalasia
What is kernicterus?
Billirubin deposited in brain
What condition causes ↑conjugated bilirubin due to defective liver excretion
Dubin-Johnson syndrome
Child with hepatomegaly(fatty liver),
coma(encephalopathy) and
hypoglycemia,
what could be the cause
Reye’s syndrome

Due to ASA tx of varicella or influenza
What are the Four risk factors for renal or gall stones
Fat, Fertile, Female over Forty
What is Trousseau’s syndrome
Migratory thrombophlebitis
____ is a chronic necrotizing infection of bronchi
Bronchiectasis
What is Kartagener’s syndrome
Immotile cilia due to defective dynein arm
Which lung cancer has a clear link to smoking
squamous cell and small cell
Which tumor arise peripherally in the lung
Adenocarcinoma
Bronchioalveolar / Large cell
Subdural caused by
Bridging veins – seen in infants/elderly
Disease with only lower-motor neuron symptoms
Polio
Subarrachnoid hemorrhage usually do to
Barry aneurysm
Classic triad of MS: SIN
Scanning speech
Intention tremor
Nystagmus
Triad for Reiter's syndrome
Urethritis
uveitis
arthritis
MC injured nerve with anterior shoulder dislocation
Axillary
delta wave
WPW
fever, sore throat, sandpapery rash
scarlet fever
sever ocular pain, steaming cornea
acute narrow angle glaucoma
truncal obesity, hirtuism
Cushing's
lyme disease organism
Borrelia Burghorferi
Naegele's rule
subtract 3 months
add 7 days
scale for the stages of sexual development in childre/adolescents
Tanner scale
Weber test
sensorineural hearing loss
MC renal stone
Calcium
malignancy of the nipple
Paget's disease
cystic tumor connected to synovial sheath
Ganglion cysts
regulates aldosterone secretions
Angiotensin II
organism assoc. with otitis externa
pseudomonas
cobble stone appearance in colon
Crohn's disease
sphincter that controls bile out of duodenum
Oddi
smallest bone in body
stapes
5 P's of compartment syndrome
Pain
Pallor
Poikilothermia
Pulselessness
Parasthesias
MCC of blindness
DM retinopathy
Glaucoma
Test used for DeQuervan's
Finkelstein test