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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Caudate + putamen
Striatum
Putamen + globus pallidus
Lentiform nucleus
Caudate + putamen + globus pallidus
Corpus Striatum
Basal ganglia is in the ___________
Telencephalon
What does dopamine secreted by the Substantia nigra allow?
Permits flow of info thru striatum
Cn5 (V2) innervates the ____
Lower eyelid, upper gums, and teeth, cheek, nose, palate and pharynx
What are the 3 pairs of sympathetic ANS ganglia (prevertebral)?
Celiac, sup. mesenteric, and inf. mesenteric
Postganglionic fiber innervates the __
Target tissue
The craniosacral part of ANS
Parasympathetic
Which part of ANS has a short preganglionic fiber and a long postganglionice fiber?
Sympathetic
CN 1 innervates the _____
Olfactory epithelium
CN2 innervates the ________
Retina of the eye
CN3 innervates the ____
Inf, medial, superior rectus, inf oblique, and levator palpebrae muscles of the eye
Motor and premotor areas
Frontal lobe
Sensory and association areas
Parietal lobe
Auditory areas
Temporal
Visual and association areas
Occipital lobe
Inside the lateral fissure
Insular
Caudate, putamen, g.p., STN, and substantia nigra
Basal ganglia
Important for emotion and affect
Cingulate gyrus (limbic) and parahippocampal
Major relay for all the senses except olfaction
Thalamus
Conducts homeostasis/equilibrium and functions with autonomic and endocrine
Hypothalamus
CN1 in cribiform plate
Olfactory n.
CN2 in the optic canal
Optic n.
What 4 nerves are in the superior orbital fissure?
Occulomotor (3), trochlear (4), trigeminal (5,opthalmic V1) and Abducens (6)
What nerve comes out of the foramen rotundum?
Trigeminal n. (v2) maxillary
What nerve comes out of the int. auditory meatus?
Facial (7) and vestibulocochlear (8)
What nerves come out of the jugular foramen?
Glossopharyngeal (9), vagus (10), and accessory (11)
CN 12 comes out of what?
Hypoglossal canal
What nerve comes out of foramen ovale?
Trigeminal (v3) mandibular
Which part of the ANS is in the thoracolumbar?
Sympathetic
Which part of ANS increases heart rate?
Sympathetic
Which part of ANS dilates pupils and airways?
Sympathetic
Which part of ANS decreases digestive tract motility?
Sympathetic
Which part of ANS stimulates adrenals and sweat glands?
Sympathetic
Which part of ANS decreases heart rate?
Parasympathetic
Which part of ANS increases digestive tract motility?
Parasympathetic
Which part of ANS has a long preganglionic fiber and short postganglionic fiber?
Parasympathetic
Which part of ANS has a short preganglionic fiber and a long postganglionice fiber?
Sympathetic
CN4 innervates the ______
Superior oblique muscle
CN5 (V1) innervates the
Orbital structures, nasal cavity, skin of forehead, upper eyelid, eyebrows, nose
CN5 (V3) innervates the
Lower gums, teeth, lips, palate, tongue, and motor to mastication
CN6 innervates the ____
Lateral rectus
CN7 innervates the ___
Taste receptors on anterior 2/3 of tongue; motor to muscles of facial expression, lacrimal gland, and submandibular salivary gland and sublingual salivary glands
CN 8 innervates the ___
Cochlea (hearing) and vesitbule (receptors for motion and balance)
CN 9 innervates the ____
Posterior 1/3 of tongue, pharynx, and palate; carotid body; motor to pharyngeal muscles, parotid salivary gland
CN 10 innervates ___
Gut
CN11 innervates the _____
Skeletal muscles of palate, pharynx and larynx; SCM and trapezius
CN 12 innervates the
Tongue
Extensions of arachnoid through the dura into the venous sinus (sup sag) permitting CSF to enter circulation
Arachnoid granulations
Specialization that makes roof over cerebellum
Tentorium cerebelli
Connects pituitary gland to sella turcica
Diaphragma sellae
Which of the dural venous sinuses becomes the int. jug v.
Sigmoid sinus
What passes over the foramen lacerum?
Internal cartoid artery
What passes THRU the carotid canal?
Internal carotid artery
Superficial layer that is rich in fibers; few neurons
Molecular layer (1)
Mostly small neurons and few pyramidal neurons; receives input from 3
External granular layer (2)
Medium-sized pyramidal cells having an apical dendrite and several basal dendrites; give rise to association and commissural fibers
External pyramidal layer (3)
Composed mainly of stellate neurons and some pyramidal neurons; major recipient of thalamic inputs (primary somatosensory cortex)
Internal granular layer (4)
Medium and large pyramidal cells and giant pyramidal cells; give rise to projections to subcortical areas.
Internal pyramidal lalyer (5)
Contains a variety of cell types including stellate and pyramidal neurons; projects to thalamus
Multiform layer (6)
Interconnect portions of the cortex in the same hemisphere; located in layer 3
association fibers
interconnect hemispheres; a lot are in corpus callosum
Commissural fibers
Descending motor input; relayed via pons; compares info from spinal cord
Spinocerebellar subdivision of cerebellum
Function is initiation planning and timing of motor program
Cerebrocerebellum subdivision of cerebellum
What is the location of the preganglionic fiber for the parasympathetic ANS?
In brain regions which give rise to CN 3, 7, 9, and 10 and in spinal cord (S2-S4)