Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/110

Click to flip

110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Maya
a cosmic illusion brought about by divine power (non-dualism)
Lila
the play of the divine in its cosmic dance; god's play
Jiva
soul
Mandir
sanskirt word: temple
OM or Aum
stands for Brahmin, represents the universal soul
Brahmin
the caste of seers, priests, and teachers
Brahman
the one, ultimate reality - god
Brahma
the world spritit, the absolute, the chief god of the Hindu faith who is associated with the creation of all reality - THE CREATOR GOD
Vishnu
the preserver god representing divine love who has been incarnated as Krishna and Rama -- appears on earth in these various avatars
Shiva
the energy force of the absolute, seen as the great cosmic creator and destoryer; lord of the dance
Ganesha
god of fortune, remover of obstacles (businessmen)
Samsara
sanskrit word: reincarnation; worldly cycle of birth, death, and rebirth until a soul achieves enlightenment and embraces the sacred reality of the absolute
Kama
physical pleasure
Sannyasin
the last phase in the stages of life; one who becomes detached to material objects; wandering ascetic in the forest
Artha
worldly success
Samadhi
being absorbed completely in God - goal of meditation
Yoga
method of training desgined to lead to integration or union; derives from english word yoke - center; to come in touch with Brahman or to unite holy spirit with god
Ahimsa
the Hindu ideal of complete nonviolence in thought, word, and deed; foundation of Gandhi's resistance philosophy against the British
Mahatma
title given to Gandhi - "great soul"
Atman
the Hindu concept of the individual self or soul - ultimate reality within
Dharma
responsible duty
Karma
simple meaning: cause & effect

other meaning: doctrine - all thoughts and actions reflect on the doer; there is no such thing as chance or luck
Mahabharata
epic poem that tells of two feuding royal families who descend from a common ruler named Bharat and suffer through the horrors of a long civil war
Puja
the act of worship during which incense is burned and offerings are made to Hindu deity represented by a statue or picture
Satyagraha
sanskirt word: holding to the truth; term used by Gandhi to describe the religious and political tactics that he used against the British in India
Rama
one of the human forms of Vishnu; a prince
Neti... neti
"not this, not that" - beyond the reach of human perception and thought
Asanas
yogic positions to master the body
Rishis
inspired sages who hear the hyms of the gods and transcribed them into the Vedas
Shudras
lowest caste; caste of followers and unskilled workers
Jnana marga
time: shortest but steepest path to divine, learning: essential being is being, thinking: atman must change from concept to realization, shifting oneself: to think of oneself as spirit, image of god: oneness, goal: identify with god
Saguna Brahman
god as the prototype of the noblest reality they encounter in the natural world; supreme person
Bhagavad-Gita
a part of the epic poem - Mahabharata - and part of the Hindu sacred scriptures; literally means "song of god"
Moksha
sanskrit word: liberation; ultimate goal
Kshatriyas
second caste; warriors, administrators, leaders
Karma marga
path to god through work; basic personality: active; two supporting modes: effective (emotional), reflective; god is experienced as otherness
Vaishyas
third caste; producers, farmers
Hatha marga
primarily about the body
Vedanta
a system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana yoga holding that all reality is essentially Brahman; most notable advocate is the medieval Hindu philosopher Shankara (non-dualism)
Sankhya
a system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana yoga asserting that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter and eternal selves (dualism)
Nirguna Brahman
hindu concept of god - god without attributes; god is invinite being/bliss/infinite consciousness: more abstract & transpersonal concept of god
Bhakti marga
path to god through love; basic personality type: emotional; most popular of the fourth paths; three features - japam, ringing, worship ishta; image - otherness
Sati
burning a widow with her dead husband
Aryans
2000 BCE invaded India; possessed a different language and culture --> tall blue-eyed, blond, straight hair, pale
Raja marga
raja means yoga; basic personality type: scientifically inclined
Krishna
other form of Vishnu
Upanishads
final writings added to vedic scriptures
Ishta
the adopted form of the divine selected as ones representation
Japam
repeating Gods name
Sanskrit
Hindu language; originated in 1500 BCE, in which the sacred scriptures were written
Destroyer God
Shiva
Lotus Flower
flower of Hinduism; grows in a bad place with dirty water yet comes out beautiful; signifies goal of Hindus
Lotus position
popular yoga position
Forest Dweller
people in the stage of retirement
Pleasure
artha
Avatar
incarnation or living embodiment of a deity, usually Vishun, who is sent to accomplish a divine purpose
Preserver God
Vishnu
Student
first stage of life
Householder
second stage of life
Retirement
third stage of life
Sannyasin
fourth stage of life
Monotheism
belief in one god
Untouchables
caste under the shudras; were thought to be dirty - harijan "gods people"
Ennui
weariness, dissatisfaction
projection
act of locating ones difficulties outside oneself
Hedonism
pleasure, kama
Monism
doctrine that everything is made up of essence
Cow
India sacred animal
Cobra
symbolizes fertility
Pantheism
belief that the divine reality exists in everything
Ganges Riever
considered to be the most holy river
Ego
have a gods eye view - strangled hernia
Fatalism
belief that all events are determined by fate and are inevitable
Cosmos
"the world"
Gandhi
born in India; his father was the prime minister and taught him about ahimsa aka total nonviolence; he started talking to the Indian people about religion and called his movement satyagraha; studied all other religion and scriptures and took what he thought was useful for his own worship religion; tried to help muslims and hindus but he was assassinated on the way to prayer one day
Doctine of the human self: four layers
physical - body, conscious - mind, individual -subconscious, eternal being - god
basic spiritual personality types
reflective, emotional, active, experimentally inclined
BUDDHISM
BUDDHISM
Buddha
Siddhartha Guatama "enlightened one or awakened one"
Buddha Legend
Buddha had a wife and a son, went through many phases of disappearing and reappearing
Four Passing Sights
old man (old age, decrepitude); diseased person (sickness); corpose (death); shaven monk (servants of mary)
The Great Going Forth
silent goodbye; 29 years old; had three phases (seeks 2 Hindu masters; joins groups of ascetics; the middle way)
The Middle Way
basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and bodily self-denial; focus insted on a practical approac to spiritual contentment
The Great Awakening
Buddha comes back - all created things rejoice
Three Temptations
kama comes with 3 voluptuous women (passion), mara god of death used natural disasters (fear), discontent
Cunda
spoiled meat man who killed poor buddha
Buddhism view toward the ego
stangulated hernia; the more it swells the tigheter it shuts off the free flowing circulation
Buddhism was a religion of...
infinite compassion
Sangha
monastic community established by the Buddha after he achieved enlightenment - very disciplined
Three Jewels of Buddhism
Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
Sunita
when he encountered Sunita, we were given an example of Buddha's preternatural insight - Buddha saw his heart and marked him with arhats hip (sainthood)
Cosmic Mission
Buddha believed that he had a cosmic mission to help humanity
Sakyamuni
another term for Buddha (silent sage
Tathagata
another term for Buddha (truth winner, or perfectly enlightened one)
6 Aspects of Religion
Authority, Ritual, Speculation, Tradition, Grace, Mystery/the Supernatural
Vernacular
Common language
Pali Canon
ancient language of India --> this was sacred scriptures written in Pali
7 Characteristics of Buddhism
Empirical, scientific, pragmatic, therapeutic, psychological, egalitarian, direct to individuals
Fourth Noble Truths
Life is dukkha, life is full of desires, to cure dukkha you need to overcome selfish craving (tanha), to overcome selfish cravinv you can use the 8 fold path
Five Skandas (life components)
body, sensations, thoughts, feelings, consciousness
Sermon at Deer Park
after enlightenment, the Buddha shared his teaching with his former band of ascetics in what has become known as this sermon
Dukkha
suffering
Tanha
desire
8 Fold Path
right views, right intent, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration
Three Poisons
craving, hostility, delusion
Dhammapada
best loved of all Buddhist texts
Nirvana
state of eternal bliss, lifes goal
God
personal being who created universe by deliberate design
Godhead
all unborn neither become created nor formed, divine natural essence
anatta docrine
no soul docrtine