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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Artha
Worldly Success
Ahtman
The Hindu concept of the individual self or soul, it is a spark of the Divine and reincarnates
Asanas
Yogic positions to master the body
Bhagavad-Gita
"Song of God" -- Part of an epic poem (Mahabharata); one of the most popular sacred scriptures for HIndus
Brahma
The four-headed, four-armed aspect of God representing creation, he is frequently grouped with Shiva and Vishnu; The CREATOR
Brahman
Ultimate reality; the one, absolute God of Hinduism; all other "Gods" are merely aspect of Brahman
Brahmins
The caste system of seers, priests, & teachers
Dharma
Responsible duty
Ghandi
First name Mohandas, also known as Mahatma (ADD MORE)
Ganesha (Mandir)
Hindu form of God representing fortune, wisdom, prudence; Shivas son; deity of businessmen/women; Elephant head man
Harjan
"Gods people" - Ghandis title for the Untouchables
Ishta
A Hindus adopted form of the divine or chosen ideal
Jiva
The soul
Kama
Physical pleasure
Kama Sutra
Hindu religious text serves as a guide for mature sexuality; SEX
Karma
The Hindu principle of cause and effect; teaches that each action reacts upon the doer; present state is a consequence of the past
Krishna
8th physical incarnation of the Hindu-god form Vishnu; young hero & lover; human
Kshatriyas
Caste of warriors & administrators
Lotus Position
Sitting positions where legs are crossed to allow the heel of each foot to be placed atop the opposite thigh; intended to help the user gain control over the BODY but not the senses according to C.T.
Mahatma
"Great Soul"
Mantra
Sacred prayer or incantation repeated over and over
Moksha
Liberation; final stage in Hinduism
Nirguna Brahman
God without attributes; "not this, nor that"
Puja
Hindu form of worship, often practiced twice daily; Offering of fruit flowers, incense, etc... to honor the Gods; "give back what the Gods have given you"; may be performed in a temple, or a shrine at home
Rama
7th physical incarnation of the Hind god-form Vishnu; young prince; human
Rishis
Inspired sages who tradition says "heard the humns of the gods and translated them into Vedas"
Saguna Brahman
God with attributes
Sanskrit
Language of Hinduism originating in 1500 B.C.E; language of the sacred scriptures
Samsara
Cycle of reincarnation until soul reaches moksha
Sannyasin
Fourth stage of life; describes when an individual has attained liberation and returned to the world; not attached to things of the world
Sati
Unfortunate practice of burning a widow with her dead husband; once common but has been forbidden since 1829
Shiva
Energy force of God; portrayed as cosmic DESTROYER; grouped with Brahma and Vishnu
Shiva Nataraja
Dancing Shiva; depecited with four arms and dancing circle of flames
Shruti
Hinduisms authoritative revealed texts; include four Vedas, Brahmanis, Upanishads; mainly philisophical
Shudras
Caste of followers, servants, and unskilled workers
Smritti
Hinduisms less authoritative religous texts, contain traditions and often read more than shrut; include ramayana, the puranas, and the mahabharata
Vedas
From the word "Veda" meaning knowledge; four documents are ancient Hindu scripture written durin gthe Vedic Age, from 1500 to 1200 BCE; written by rishis
Yoga
Derived from the word "yoke", can be any one of the several methods of training designed to lead to integration or union, or to gain control over the mind and body in order to reflect on the path of enlightenment; there are FOUR: JNANA, BHAKTI, KARMA, RAJA
Vaishyas
Caste of producers and skilled craftsmen
Vishnu
PRESERVER; represents divine love; two avatars are Krishna and Rama; images are frequently blue to represent the heavens (the sky) and the rain
Maya
Cosmic illusion brought about by divine power (NONDUALISM)
Lila
The play of the divine in its cosmic dance; God's play
OM or Aum
Symbol (ADD MORE)
Samadhi
(ADD MORE)
Ahimsa
Hindu ideal of complete nonviolence; belief is foundatino of Gandhi's resistence philosophy against British (DONT CONFUSE WITH SATYAGRAHA)
Mahabharata
Hindu Scripture (ADD MORE)
Satyagraha
"holding to the truth"; was used by Ghandi to describe the religous and political tactics that he used aginst the British (NONVIOLENCE)
Neti...neti
(ADD MORE)
Marga
Yoga
Vedanta
(ADD MORE)
Sankhya
(ADD MORE)
Aryans
(ADD MORE)
Upanishads
(ADD MORE)
Japam
The practice of repeating Gods name over and over and over (like the energizer bunny... it keeps going and going)
Monotheism
Religion with one God
Ennui
Boredom
Responsible or ethical duty
(ADD MORE)
Ego
Persona (personality)
Monotheism
Religion with one God
Ennui
Boredom
Responsible or ethical duty
(ADD MORE)
Ego
Persona (personality)