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31 Cards in this Set

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contains chlorophyll; collects light and transfers it into chemical energy
chloroplasts
starch storage plastids
amyloplasts
found in plants grown in the dark, turn into chloroplasts
etioplasts
colorful part of plant; storage place for pigments
chromoplasts
long, needle shaped crystal found in a bundle
raphide
sharp pointed angular crystal that looks like a little star
druse
tissue composed of a single type of cell
simple tissue
tissue made up of two or more cell types
complex tissue
thin cell walls; innermost layer of periderm is made up of living tissue ____ cells
parenchyma
type of parenchyma that contains great numbers of chloroplasts that converts sunlight to chemical energy
chlorenchyma
slightly elongated ovals, irregularly thick cell wall
collenchyma
thick walls, cells dead at maturity, sclereids and fibers
sclerenchyma
branched cells
sclereids
long slender cells found in bundles, associated with vascular tissue of a plant
fibers
gritty texture in a pear
stone cells
star shaped sclereids
astrosclereids
the larger tissues in a plant; towards the inside
xylem
smaller tissues in a plant; towards outside
phloem
two strands of each chromosomes
chromatids
chromatids connected at the ____
centromere
flowering plant
angiosperm
secondary growth is found only in_____
woody dicots
horizontal stems that grow below soil surface or right at the surface
Rhizomes
tips of certain rhizomes that are enlarged to store food
tuber
stems that grow horizontally on the soid surface
runner
underground stems that have several fleshy food-storing leaves attached to them
bulbs
mostly stem tissue, underground stems that have above ground leaves attached to them
corms
plants that produce seeds that aren't surrounded by fruit; have resin canals
gymnosperm
old wood, can be cut out, darker in color
heartwood
new secondary xylem, conducts water, lighter in color
sapwood
root that develops from stems or leaves
adventitious root