• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/59

Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
artificial classification
classification system based on observabe characteristics of plants
natural classification
classification system based on evolutionary relationships, Phylogenetic tree
pediole
leaf stalk
taxonomy heirarchy
kingdom phylum class order family genus species
biological species
groups of actually or potentially interbreeding populations which are reproductively isolated from other such groups. ability to pass genes
subspecies
ssp. a varieation within species--> geographic isolation
variety
var, no geographic separation like subspecies
species name =
Genus + specific epithet
branching patterns (3)
opposite, alternate, whorled
why give organisms names? (2)
- communication
- enabling a higher synthesis
margin
edge of leaf
peduncle
stalk of a solitary flower or entire inflorescence
pedicel
stalk of a single flower within an inflorescence
receptacle
shoot tip upon which flower parts sit
sepal
outermost whorl, typically green, protects petals. has 3 vascular systems
petal
in between sepals and stamens, usually colorful/showy to attract polinators. fleshy, has 1 vascular system
calyx
all sepals
corolla
all petals
tepal
when sepals and petals cannot be distinguished, called tepals
stamen
androecium
stamen is composed of:
anther and filament
pistil
gynoecium
pistil is composed of:
stigma, style, ovary
carpel
basic unit of pistil with ovary, style, and stigma
locule
spaces within ovary, often separated within septa
septa
walls separating locules within ovary
hypogynus
ovary is superior to receptacle
perigynous
ovary within receptacle
epigynous
ovary underneath recepatcle
blueberry is an example of a:
berry
pome
accessory fruit from compound pistil or calyx
apple is an example of a:
pome
drupe
fleshy mesocarp, hard endocarp.
cherry is an example of a:
drupe
achene
1 seeded dry fruit. pericarp with no pulp
a sunflower seed is an example of:
an achene
seed
mature (fertilized) ovary in dormant state. contains embryo and nutrient tissue
caryopsis
grain, "bran" exocarp
wheat, millet, and barley are examples of:
caryopsis
nut
hard pericarp. ovary wall is lignified and scarlified
samara
winged exocarp. wind born. papery and elongated
legume
pericarp pod splits in two halves
a green bean is an example of a:
legume
follicle
pericarp splits on only one side
milkweed is an example of:
a follicle
aggregate fruit
multiple carpels. druplets of single flower (each is one carplel)
a raspberry is an example of:
an aggregate fruit
multiple fruit
fusion of an inflorescence into a single fruit
a pineapple is an example of:
a multiple fruit
cone
multiple "fruit" of gymnosperm
accessory fruit
contains other floral part (calyx, receptacle) in addition to ovary. if ovary is inferior will be accessory fruit
strawberry is an example of
an accessory fruit
a blackberry is an example of
an aggregate accessory fruit
father of scientific botany
theophrastus
monophyletic grouping
clade group. all share unique common ancestor
paraphyletic grouping
give a label to a clade but exclude one member
polyphyletic grouping
hodge podge: not really a group, pick a few and exclude a few
rooted
a tree that has a common ancestor and outgroup
cladogram
tree where branch lengths are not porprtional to evolutionary differences