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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two divisions of the skeleton?
Axial and appendicular
How many facial bones are there?
14
What is the name of the bone that does not ariculate with any other bone in the skeleton?
Hyoid
Another name for the breastbone
Sternum
How many bones in the vertebral column?
33
What is the first vertebrae called?
C-1 Atlas
What is the name of the second vertebrae?
C-2 Axis
Which are the smallest of the vertebrae?
Cervical
The largest and strongest of the vertebrae.
Lumbar
What do the thoracic vertebrae articulate with?
The ribs
The tail bone ?
coccyx
The sacrum is formed from what?
5 fused sacral vertebrae
Which vertebrae allows the head to nod :"yes"?
Atlas
Which vertebrae allows the head to say "no"?
Axis
The sternum has three portions. What are they called?
manubrium

Body

Xyphoid process
What tissue is the xyphoid process made of until age 40?
cartilage
How many pairs of ribs are there?
12
What connects ribs 1-10 to the sternum?
costal cartilage
What are floating ribs and what numbers are they?
no attachment to the sternum

11 & 12
What is the difference between true ribs and false ribs?
True ribs actually attach to the sternum while false ribs have indirect attachments
How many bones in the Axial skeleton?
80
What kind of cartilage are intervertebral discs made of?
fibrocartilage
A disc that protrudes and exerts pressure on nerves is called?
Herniated or slipped disc
What are two benefits of normal curvature of the spine?
Increased strength

Maintains balance
dissipates shock
protects from fractures
What is a lateral curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis
What is a hunchback or lumpback of the spine?
Kyphosis
What is a swayback or exaggeration of the lumbar spine?
Lordosis
A congenital defect where the spine doesn't close at the neural arch
Spina Bifida
What are the primary curves of the spine?
Thoracic and Sacral
There before birth
How many total vertebrae?
33
How many cervical vertebrae? What makes them unique?
7
Have transverse foramina
Small bodies
How many thoracic vertebrae? What makes them unique?
12
Articulate with ribs
How many lumbar vertebrae?

What makes them unique?
5

The largest and strongest
What is C-1 called?

What does it allow you to do?
Atlas

Say yes, nod your head
What is C-2 called?
The Axis and it allows you to say NO
What is the tissue made of between the vertebrae?

What are they called?
Fibrocartilage

Intervertebral discs
What is a herniated disc?
When the nucleus of the disc ruptures and bulges pushing on the spinal nerves.
What are some purposes of curvature of the spine?
Balance, Shock, protection for fractures, strength
What are three abnormal curvatures of the spine?
Describe them
Scoliosis Lateral

Lordosis -- swayback

Kyphosis -- hunchback or humpback
How many total ribs? What are they called?
!2 pairs

True, false and floating
What do the majority of ribs articulate with ?
Thoracic vertebrae
What is the proper name for the breastbone?

What are the three parts?
Sternum
Manubrium, body, xyphoid process
What is the dens and where is it located?
A process on the axis that sits inside the atlas.
What is the coccyx?
Tail bone
What are the two types of processes on a typical vertebrae?
Spinous and transverse
A large projection or process on the femur.
Trochanter
Air filled cavity within the skull connected to the nasal cavity.
Sinus
What are the purposes and functions fo the sinus cavities?
lighten the weight of the skull.
Drain fluids
resonating chambers for speech
Opening through which blood vessels and nerves pass?
foramen
A large roughed process?
trochanter
a knuckle usually for ariculation
condyle
What is spina bifida?
congenital defect Failure of the neural arch to unite.
Mild to severe
can cause paralysis