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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
epiphysis
The expanded ends of a bone.

Plural is epiphyses.
diaphysis
The main shaft of a long bone.

Plural is diaphyses.
metaphysis
That part of the bone which is located between the epiphysis and the diaphysis.
periosteum
The connective tissue membrane which covers the bone.
endosteum
The thin membrane which lines the marrow cavity of a bone.
cortical bone
Refers to the outer layer.This is the adjectival form of the term "cortex".
cancellous bone
A spongy structure, refers mostly to bone tissue.
osteocytes
Mature bone cells
lacunae
Small cavities containing mature bone cells. (singular: lacuna)
canaliculi
The narrow channels through which the osteocytes extend. (singular: canaliculus:
axial skeleton
Made up of the bones found in the head, neck, vertebral column, and chest.
inferior nasal concha
pair of skull bones
lacrimal
pair of skull bones
maxilla
pair of skull bones
nasal
pair of skull bones
palatine
pair of skull bones
parietal
pair of skull bones
temporal
pair of skull bones
zygomatic
pair of skull bones
ethmoid
skull bone
frontal
skull bone
occipital
skull bone
sphenoid
skull bone
vomer
skull bone
incus
tiny bone of the ear shaped like an anvil
malleus
tiny bone of the ear shaped like a hammer.
stapes
tiny bone of the ear shaped like a stirrup.
mandible
lower jaw bone.
hyoid
neck bone
cervical vertebrae
first 7 bones in the vertebral column
atlas
1st cervical vertebra
axis
2nd cervical vertebra
thoracic vertebrae
12 bones that make up the middle segment of the vertebral column between the cervical vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae.
lumbar vertebrae
5 bones that make up the lower segment of the vertebral column between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum.
sacrum
Refers to the large triangular bone made up of the 5 fused vertebrae below the lumbar region and above the coccyx.
coccyx
Tail bone
sternum
chest bone
ribs
12 pairs of chest bones