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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
structural unit of life
cell
Group of cells that perform a specialized activity
tissue
Body structures composed of at least two different tissue types that perform specialized functions.
Organs
Level of organization composed o0f at least one organ and accessory structures that have similar or interrelated functions.
System
Complete living entity composed of several body systems that work together to sustain life
organism
The study of all factors in the development of a disease
Etiology
Any disease whose cause is unknown.
Idiopathic disease
Anatomical divisions of the midsaggital or median plane.
right & left halves
Anatomical divisions of the sagittal plane.
unequal right & left sides
Anatomical divisions of the coronal or frontal plane.
anterior or ventral & posterior or dorsal
Anatomical divisions of the transverse or horizontal plane.
superior & inferior aspects (portions)
cyt/o
cell
hist/o
tissue
nucle/o
nucleus
anter/o
anterior, front
caud/o
tail
dist/o
far, farthest
dors/o
back (of body)
infer/o
lower, below
later/o
side, to one side
medi/o
middle
poster/o
back (of body)
behind
posterior
proxim/o
near, nearest
ventr/o
belly, belly-side
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremity
inguin/o
groin
lumb/o
loin
omphal/o
navel (umbilicus)
pelv/i
pelv/o
pelvis
albin/o
leuc/o
leuk/o
white
anthrac/o
black, coal
chlor/o
green
cirrh/o
jaund/o
xanth/o
yellow
cyan/o
blue
erythem/o
erythr/o
rube/o
red
melan/o
black
poli/o
gray
fasci/o
band
home/o
same, alike
idi/o
unknown, peculiar
path/o
disease
radi/o
radiation, x-ray
somat/o
body
viscero/o
internal organs,
viscera
xen/o
foreign, stranger
xer/o
dry
-gnosis prognosis
knowing
ab-
from, away from
ad-
toward
allo-
other, differing from the usual
infra-
below
peri-
around
super-
upper, above
super-
upper, above
trans-
across, through
ultra-
excess, beyond
a uniting or holding together of two surfaces or parts.
adhesion
a tumor with a pedicle commonly found in vascular organs such as the nose, uterus, & rectum
polyp
pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms producing or their products in the bloodstream
sepsis
producing or associated with generation of pus
suppurative
A noninvasive imaging technique that uses magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce an image.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI
the joining of two ducts or blood vessels to allow flow from one to another; bypass
anastomosis
the obtaining of representative tissue sample for microscopic examination
biopsy
to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
cauterize
the process of binding or tying using a band, bandage, thread, or wire
ligation
AP
anteroposterior
CNS
Central Nervous System
CT Scan or CAT scan
computed tomography scan,
computed axial tomography scan
CV
cardiovascular
Dx
diagnosis
GI
gastrointestinal
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
RLQ
right upper quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
ROM
range of motion