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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Abduction
lateral movement of the body part away from the midline of the body
Adduction
movement of a body part toward the midline of the body
Ankylosis
fixation or immobilization of a joint
Atelectasis
incomplete expansion of collapse of the lungs
Atrophy
decrease in the size of a body structure
Base of support
foundation that provides stability for an object
Body mechanics
is the efficient use of the body as a machine as well as a means of locomotion
Center of gravity
point at which the mass of an object is centered
Dangling
position in which the person sits on the edge of the bed with their legs and feet over the side of the bed
Dorsiflexion
backward bending of the hand or foot
Eversion
movement of the sole of the foot outward (occurs at the ankle)
Hyperextension
state of exaggerated extension
Extension
state of being in a straight line
External rotation
body part turning on its axis away from the midline of the body
Flaccidity
decrease of muscle tone
Flexibility
ability to use a muscle through its entire range of motion
Flexion
state of being bent
Footdrop
complication resulting from extended plantar flexion
Fowler's position
semi-sitting position with the head of the bed raised 45 to 60 degrees
Internal rotation
body part turning on the axis toward the midline of the body
Inversion
movement of the sole of the foot inward (occurs at the ankle)
Line of gravity
A vertical line that passes through the center of gravity
Orthopedics
correction or prevention of disorders of the locomotion of the body
Osteoporosis
condition characterized by loss of calcium from bone tissue
Plantar flexion
flexion of the foot so that the foot is in a dropped position
Pronation
assumption of the prone position, such as when the client is lying on their abdomen
Range of motion
complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable
Rotation
turning on an axis
Semi-fowler's position
low, semi-sitting position with the head of the bed raised 15 to 30 degrees
Strength (muscle)
ability of the muscle to move actively against resistance
Supination
assumption of the supine position, such as when a client is lying on their back
Supine position
position in which the client lies flat on their back with legs together (dorsal position)
Sims position
position in which the client is on their side with the top knee flexed sharply into the abdomen and lower knee less sharply flexed
Tonus
normal, partially steady state of muscle contraction