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27 Cards in this Set

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A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances...
solution
The substance being dissolved (or the smaller amount substance)...
solute
The substance doing the dissolving (or the larger amount substance)...
solvent
A mixture that seems like a solution but the solute particle are too big and start to settle out such as milk, mud, and blood...
suspension
A liquid-solid solution
amalgram
A solid-solid solution
alloy
Wood's metal is useful because of its...
low melting point.
The state of the solution is determined by the state of the...
solvent.
Which two solutions never occur?
liquid-gas
solid-gas
This is the closest solvent to a universal solvent...
water.
Water is a good solvent because of its...
angular shape.
A molecule with two oppositely charged ends...
dipole
The breaking up of an ionic solute by a solvent...
dissociation
Name a way to get pure water out of salt water...
distillation, flash distillation, or reverse osmosis
What is the rule that governs the solubility of substances...
like dissolves like.
Name one pair of immiscible liquids...
oil and water
This solution contains all the solute a solvent can hold at a specific temperature...
saturated
If a saturated solution is heated and more solute is added, it is...
supersaturated.
Solids with strong ionic bonds tend to be insoluble in...
water.
A substance is soluble when it can be...
dissolved in another substance.
This property allows two liquids to be dissolved in each other...
miscibility.
What 3 factors affect solubility...
temperature
pressure
nature of solvent/solute (like dissolves like)
What factors affect the rate of solubility...
temperature
grinding or crushing
stirring
Percentage by mass specifies a solution's...
concentration.
What is affected by the concentration?
ability to conduct electricity
freezing point
specific gravity
A comparision of the density of the solution to the density of water (1.00)...
specific gravity
What units does specific gravity have?
none