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161 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
portal of entry via
GI
poliovirus
rotavirus
hep A
skin entry
rabies
HPV
blood
Hep B
Hep C
HIV
cytomegaovirus
genital entry
HPV
Hep B
HIV
HSV 2
respiratory
million
naked -noneveloped
double shelled capsid
reoviruses-rna
reovirus replicate
cytoplasm
arbovirus
colorado tick
rotavirus
infactile diarrhea
segmented double stranded RNA
reovirus
gastroeneritis in kids
rotavirus
reovirus
respiratory infection
GI dx
24 hr intestinal flu
viral gastroenteritis
infant
pneumonia
bronchiolitis
RSV
croup
parainfluenza
like common cold in adults
parainfluenza virus
measles
mumps
parainfluenza
RSV
paramyxovirus-rna
parainfluenza trasmitted via
respiratory droplets
surface spikes
H
N
F
parainfluenza
envelop covered with spikes
paramyxoviruses
paramyxovirus that lacks envelope glycoproteins
1-hemagglutin
2-neuraminidase
RSV
no vaccine
no antiviral therapy
parainfluenza
detection of virus
cytopathic effect
cytopathic rxn =
necrosis
hypertrophy
giant cell formation
hypoplasia
metaplasia
linear
double stranded
DNA
HERPES
replicate in nucleus of host cell
herpes
HERPES WITH
ONCOGENIC POTENTIAL
EBV
associated with
1-burkitts lymphoma
2-nasopharyngeal carcinoma
only virus obtain envelope from budding off nuclear membrane
herpes
vesicular rash
HSV 1
HSV 2
VZV
virus covered with spike
paramyxovirus
orthomyxovirus
circular RNA
without a protein coat/envelope
viroids

plant dx
soley of protein
prions
creutzfeldt-jakob
prion
scrapie in sheep
prion
cause
keratoconjunctivitis
encephalitis
HSV 1
temperate bacteriophage
lysogenic bacterium
form stable
nondisruptive relationship within bacterium
bacteriophage
template for the production of viral DNA
RETROVIRUSES
transcription occurs in cytoplasm
RNA viruses

EXCEPT
retrovirus
influenza
transcription involves

host cell DNA dependent RNA polymerase
RNA virus
latent site for HSV TWO
lumbar ganglia
sacral sensory ganglia
transcription occurs in nucleus
DNA

except
POXVIRUS
site of latency =
B lymphocyte
EBV
transcription involves
host cell
DNA dependent RNA polmerase
DNA virus
reside in
cranial ganglia &
thoracic sensory ganglia
VZV
RNA nonevelope virus
picornaviridae=PERCH
RNA ENVELOPED
respiratory
MMR
hep c
HIV
rabies
DNA ENVELOPED
Herpes family
Pox
Hep B
DNA NON-ENVELOPED
adenovirus
papillomavirus
parvovirus
RNA NON-ENVELOPED
enterovirus
rhinovirus
reovirus
Hep A
erythema infection
parvovirus
MMR
RNA ENVELOPE
HEP B
DNA ENV
ADENOVIRUS
DNA NON-ENV
RESPIRATORY
RNA ENV
ROTAVIRUS
RNA NON-ENV
REOVIRUS
COMMON COLD
RHINO
RNA NON-ENV
POLIO
RNA NON ENV
herpes
dna env
COXSACK
RNA NON ENV
enteroviruses-RNA
polio
cox
echovirus
adenovirus >
upper / lower respiratory

DNA NON ENve
subclinical infection
adenovirus
fecal oral route
adenovirus
DNA NON env
polio >
enterovirus
vaccine for polio
1-inactivated
2-trivalen oral live virus (OPV)
largest DNA enveloped viruses
pox
DNA env =
herpes
pox
hep B
pox virus
smallpox
molluscus
live attenuated vacine
smallpox
enterovirus =
polio
cox
echovirus
picornavirus fam
cox
replication like polio
cox
single stranded RNA
pico
cox A
herpangia
hand foot mouth
cox B
pleurodynia
myocardia
pericarditis
echovirus
aseptic virus meningitis
UrI
diarrhea in newborns
polio
Hep A
hairy leukoplakia
EBV
german measles
rubella
paramyxovirus
koplik spot
mumps
parotid
infects B lymphocytes
EBV
leukemia
lymphoma
breast carcinoma
sarcoma
oncovirus
caused AIDS >
lentivirus=
HIV 1, HIV 2
cold sore
herpes
latent
lumbar ganglion
sacral ganglion
HSV 2
POX exception
DNA virus that replicates in
nucleus
RNA viruses replicate
cytoplasm except

-retrovirus
-influenza virus
first step in viral gene expressin
mRNA synthesis
positive polarity
RNA with same base sequence as mRNA
negative polarity
base sequence complimentary to mRNA
double stranded DNA
DNA viruses
varicella
chickenpox
largest DNA viruses
poxvirus
acute high infectious
smallpox
shingle=
herpes zoster
viruses sensitive to
interferon
obligate intrcellular parasites
viruses
changes in
antigenicity
influenza virus
single stranded
- stranded RNA
helical nucleocapsid
influenza A
orthomyxovirus
influenza
influenza classified based on
nucleocapsid antigen
cause epidemic
influenza
why epidemic of influenza
antigenic changes of
hemagglutinin
neuraminidase
reye's a/w what outbreak
influenza
measles
rubeola
koplik
measles
rubella
german measles

transmitted by respiratory droplets
coronavirus
common cold in adults
lytic reproduction cycle
one step growth curve
growth curve begins with
eclipse period
eclipse period
no complete infective phage particles
latent period
phage injects DNA into host cell

ends when 1st assemled virus appears extracellulary
paramyxovirus
MMR
RSV
parainfluenza
orthomyxovirus
influenza
genome not segmented
paramyxovirus
syncytia formation for cytopathic effect
paramyxoviruses
gram -
polar flagella
pseudomonas
treat pseudomona
gentamicin
mineral oil
lanolin
killed mycobacteria
freund's adjuvant=
killed M. tuberculosis
enhance antibody response
adjuvant
enhance uptake of antigen by APC
adjuvant
added to vaccine
1-slow down absorption
2-increase effectiveness
adjuvant
eliminate need for repeated booster doses of ANTIGEN
adjuvant
togavirus=
rubella
+
single stranded RNA
rubella
shorter disease than measles
rubella-german measles
posterior auricular lymphadenopathy
rubella
rubella transmitted via
respiratory droplets
rubella vaccine
live
attenuated vaccine
artificially acquired active immunity
rabie
clostridium tetani
acquired immunity
naturally
articicially
artificially:
active>
passive>
artificially:
active> vaccination
passive > injection
naturally:
active>
passive>
naturally:
active> exposed to antigen

passive>
IgG passed from mom to fetus
IgA passed from mom to newborn (breast feeding)
live attenuated bacterial vaccines:
mycobacterium =TB
francisella tularensis
coxiella (Q fever)
killed bacteria vaccines>
-bordetella (whopping)
-salmonella typhi (typhoid)
-vibrio cholera
corynebacterium dipth
clostridium tetani
toxoid
induced by vaccines prepared from bacteria/products
active immunity
preformed antibody in preps called IMMUNE GLOBINS (toxoid)
passive immunity
give both
immune globulin (toxoids)
vaccine
passive active immunity
inactivated
protein exotoxins
weakened toxin so no longer toxic
toxoid
immune globin =
toxoid
toxoid for
diptheria
tetanus
toxoids prepared with
formaldehyde
antibody formed in response to toxin
antitoxin
tetanus antitoxin for
txt tetanus
prophylaxis of tetanus
antitoxins
tetanus antitoxin
botulinum antitoxin
diptheria antitoxin
small pox
yellow fever
MMR
polio
varicella
attenuated live
polio
influenza
rabies
hep A
inactivated virus
smallpox
attenuated live virus
yellow fever
attenuated live virus
MMR
attenuated live virus
polio -oral
attenuated live virus
sabin
sabin=
attenuated live virus
salk
inactivated virus
polio-injection
inactivated virus
influenza
inactivated virus
hep A
inactivated virus
rabies
inactivated virus