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123 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lining of stomach
simple columnar epi
pseudostratified columnar epi
UR tract
male reproductive
transitional
bladder
ureter
sweat gland
stratified cuboidal
epidermis
stratified squamous
stratified squamous
1-epidermis
2-esophagus lining
3-pharynx
4-vagina
5-anus
lining collecting duct
simple cuboidal
endo lining of cardiovas
simple squamous
SI LI
gallbladder
stomach
simple columnar
lining thyroid follicle
simple cuboidal
salivary duct
stratified columnar
epi lining alveoli in lungs
simple squamous
mesothelium lining body cavities
simple squamous
35-40% body weight =
intracellular fluid
20% body weight
extracellular fluid
higher
Na/K ratio
than intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid=
Na=142

(intracell...Na=10)
common cell in epidermis
keratinocyte
horny layer
stratum corneum
prominent in thick skin
stratum lucidum
malpighian layer
stratum spinosum
langerhans
stratum spinosum
melanocytes
stratum basale
oral epi=
stratified squamous epi
antigen presenting
langerhans (oral)
a/w
nerve endings
merkel
lamina propria
CT of oral cavity
2 layers in lamina propria
1-papillary
2-reticular (dense fibrous)
cheeks
soft palate
submucosa
btw
CT
muscle
submucosa
acts as cushion
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epi
epithelium to
CT =
basement membrane
2 layers of BM
1-basal lamina
2-reticular lamina
develops from CT >
reticular lamina
dev from epi cells >
basal lamina
pseudostratifies columnar
secretion
movement
transitional
accommodate increase in luminal area
lines large ducts
columnar epi
needs protection
squamous epi
mid sized ducts
cuboidal epi
a/w secretion, absorption
cuboidal
gases cross
squamous epi
not all of cells contact basal lamina
stratified
permits expansion
transitional
protect
prevents water loss
stratified squamous
protect
secretion
stratified cuboidal
protection
stratified columnar
diffusion/filtration
simple squamous
excrete

secrete
absorb
simple cuboidal
protect
secrete
absorb
simple columnar
nasopharynx
pseudostratified ciliated columnar
what contains cuboidal cells
stratified squamous epi
lines alveoli
simple squamous epi
lines
nasal cavity
paranasal sinuses
nasopharynx
bronchial tree >
pseudostrat
ciliated
columnar
epi
diffusio/filtration
simple squamous epi
simple squamous epi
includes
1-endothelium
2-mesothelium
oral cavity
vagina
oropharynx
laryngopharynx
esophagus
anus
stratified squamous epi
cartilage slow to heal
bc avascular
cartilage cell
chondrocyte
BV enter cartilage via
perichondrium
dense collagenous fibers
fibrocartilage
collagenous fiber
elastic fibers >
ELASTIC CARTILAGE
fine collagenous fibers
hyaline
precursor to
endochondrial bone
cartilage
growth of carilage
perichondrium
no carilage on x ray bc
no calcium salts
lacunae contain
chondrocytes (cartilage cell)
primary ossification center
middle of diaphysis
secondary ossification
epiphysis
metaphysis
btw
primary
secondary
ossification centers
fxn of hyaline cartilage in
ENDOCHONDRIAL OSSIFICATION
where bone can grow in

LENGTH
trachea rings
hyaline cartilage
intervertebral disc
fibrocartilage
tmj
fibrocartilage
costal cartilage
hyaline cartilage
knee joint
fibrocartilage
bronchial wall support
hyaline
resemble
dense irregular CT
fibrocartilage
oral mucosa >
stratified squamous epi=
protection
prevents water loss
hyaline cartilage basophilic bc
sulfated proteoglycans
ground substance
1-hyaluronic acid
2-sulfated proteoglycans
costal cartilage
sternal ends of ribs
hyaline cartilage forms
fetal skeleton
glucosaminoglycans
hyaluronic acid
sulfated proteoglycans
adult hyaline cartilage remninants
1-articular cartilage
2-costal cartilage
3-respiratory cartilage
4-auditory cartilage
bone 2 bone
ligament
binds to periosteum of bone
sharpey's fibers
bone 2 muscle
tendon
sharpey's fiber
attachment fibers to bone from

-tendon
-ligament
individual muscle fibers
fasciculus
fasciculi
bundles of muscle fibers
fascia
CT that surrounds each muscle
CT with strong flexible support
dense CT
CT derived from
mesenchyme
dense regular CT=
1-tendons
2-ligaments
3-aponeurosis
dense irregular CT=
1-dermis
2-submucosa of GI
3-fibrous capsule
4-deep fascia
btw
1-basal cells (epi)
2-basal lamina
hemidesmosomes
connect 2 cells
-spot like
desmosome
belt like connection of 2 cells
intemediate jxn
disruption of hemidesmosomes
bullous pemphigoid
allows passage of
ions
small molecules
gap jxns
communicating jxn =
gap jxn
adhering jxn =
intermediate jxn
desmosomes
hemidesmosomes
focal contacts
occluding jxns
tight jxns
zona adherens
intermediate jxn
zonula occludens
tight jxns
macula adherens
desmosomes
growth of cartilage
1-intersitial
2-appositional
interstitial growth of cartilage
chondrocytes divide w/in cartilage
perichondrium lays down new layers
appositional
growth of bone
appositional
below periosteal layer of bone
appositional layer
bc bone is rigid no
interstitial growth like in cartilage
periosteum layers
1-OUTER-fibrous
2-INNER-cellular of osteoblast
bone formation
endochondral ossification
intramebranous ossification
hypodermis =
adipose
blood
lymph
dermis layers
1-papillary
2-reticular
papillary dermis layer =
fibroblast
mast cells
macrophages
skin tone -elastic
reticular dermis layer
thick
collagenous
gap jxn
not component of
JXNAL COMPLEX
thick fibrous layer of dermis
reticular
below tight jxn
intermediate jxn
encircles epi cell
binds to all neighbors
tight jxn
found on lateral side of PM
tight jxn
intermediate jxn