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120 Cards in this Set

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acidophils in pars distalis
GH
GH causes liver to make
somatomedins
GH effects
1-increase protein syn
2-decrease CHO use
3-increase mobilization of FAT
corticotropin
pituitary gland
glucagon
pancreas
ADH
hypothalamus
second messenger
inside cell
activates enzyme
2 example of 2nd messengers
1-cGMP
2-cAMP
what uses cAMP
1-glucagon
2-epi
3-ACTC
4-parathyroid hormone
5-TSH
6-FSH
adenlate cyclase
ATP > cAMP
integral protein in plasma membrane
adenylase cyclase
thytropin
basophils of pars distalis
TRH stimulates
TSH
high TSH secretion
graves
low TSH secretion
cretinism
myxedema
forebrain floor
hypothalamus
supraoptic
ADH
paraventricular
oxytocin
pars nevosa
posterior pituitary
hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal in
anterior pit
Gn-RH >>>
FSH LH
CRH>>>>
ACTH
GH-RH
GH
DA--dopamine
prolactin
somatostatin
INHIBITS
GH
ejection of milk
oxytocin
manufactured in hypothalamus
ADH
oxytocin
decrease production of urine
ADH
glucogenesis in liver

=glucose > glycogen
insulin
argininge
lysine
leucine
increase insulin release
-sympathetic stimulation
-epi
inhibit
insulin release from pancreas
enhance triglyceride formation
insulin
1-increase glucose in plasma
2-increase FFA ketoacids
3-increase urea production
glucagon
glycogenolysis

in liver
glucagon

glycogen to glucose
decrease glucagon secretion
1-glucose
2-insulin
3-somatostatin
4-FFA
5-ketoacids
when acid enters SI
secretin is secreted
stimulated pancreatic duct to secrete HCO3
secretin
inhibits stomach motility
secretin
inhibits gastric sectretion
secretin
stimulates bile from gallbladder
secretin
AA and FFA in SI
CCK is secreted/produced in SI
stimulates pancreatic enzyme release
CCK
gallbladder contraction
CCK
digests lipids
enterogastrone
secretin
CCK
GIP
enterogastrone
duodenum fills w chyme
enterogastric reflex
=
inhibits pyloric pump= no gastric motility/emptying
zona glomerulosa
aldosterone
aldosterones affect
distal convoluted tubules
collecting tubules
renin
decreased Na concentration
renin secreted by
juxtaglomerular cells
hyposecretion of
1-aldosterone
2-cortisol
addison's
ovulation =
estrogen induced
LH surge
aromatic A ring
estrogen
TRH is from where
hypothalamus
NE released 2 ways
1-adrenal medulla into blood

2-directly onto organ
adrenal medulla
NE
Epi
chromaffin cells
where preganglionic fibers synapse
stimulates
1-glycogenolysis
2-gluconeo-genesis
epi
increase HR
contraction of muscle
NE
dilates bronchioles
EPI
relaxes bronchiolar SM
EPI
increase TPR
NE
constricts BV in
1-skin
2-mucous membranes
3-kidneys
EPI
parathyroid gland-chief cells
PTH
hyperparathyroidism
von Recklinghausen
hypoparathyroidism
tetany
G cells of stomach
gastrin
inhibits gastric acid secretion/motility
GIP
fat/glucose in SI >
GIP released
acidic pH in SI >
secretin is released
FA/ AA in SI what is secreted
CCK
distention of stomach
gastrin is released
stimulated
pancreatic enzymes
2-gallbladder contraction/emptying
CCK
secretion of
1-water
2-bicarbonate

from pancrease & bile ducts
secretin
enhance release of insulin
GIP
inhibits gastric acid secretion HCl
GIP
cck secreted from
duodenum
promotes
gluconeogenesis
lipolysis
proteolysis
cortisol
controls cortisol
ACTH
raises plasma glucose
glucagon
increase
1-blood glucose
2-aa
3-FA
cortisol
high cortisol
cushing
pit tumor that causes increase in secretion of ACTH
cushing syndrome
stress hormone
ACTH
ACTH controlled by
hypothalamus
ACTH stimulates
adrenal cortex to make cortisol
corticosteroids =
aldosterone
glucocorticoids
secretion of aldosterone from cortex stimulated by
1-potassium
2-angiotensin
hypothalamus
anterior pit

both inhibited by
cortisol
basophils par distalis release
ACTH
ACTH release influenced by
CRH from hypothalamus
atrophy of cortex from
long cortisol intake
main glucocorticoid
cortisol
CL...granulosa cells >>
1-progest
2-estrogen
corpus albican
egg not fertilized and CL becomes scar tissue
formation of corpus luteum by
1-FSH
2-LH
GH secretion decreased by
1-obesity
2-somatostatin
3-hyperglycemia
4-preg
released in pulsatile fashion
GH
positive nitrogen balance
taking GH
delta cells of pancreatic islets
somatostatin
inhibits GH
somatostatin
predominant inhibitory conrol by hypothalamus
prolactin
not a steroid
insulin
inhibits insulin
somatostatin
polypeptide hormones
fsh, lh, tsh, gh, prolactin
inhibits gastrin from stomach
stomatostatin
amine hormones
from tyrosine

t3
t4
not water soluble
steroid hormones
parafollicular cells
calcitonin
not required in adults
calcitonin
what contains follicles
thyroid gland
colloid
secretory substance of THYROID
thyroxine
T4
important during bone development
calcitonin
T4 converted to T3 where
periph
T3
more potent
sweating causes increase
ADH
kidneys make
1-renin
2-angiotensin
lipophilic hormones
thyroid hormones
hyposecretion of ADH
diabetes insipidus
******
polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia