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143 Cards in this Set

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What is Tagmosis?
Grouping of segments into functional units, such as head, thorax, and abdomen
Nerve cord is located...
Ventrally
Muscles are normally...
Striated
Arthropods can be divided into the...
Chelierate and mandibulate
Crustacea
Body segments...
2, cephalothorax, abdomen
Crustacea
Antenna...
Two
Crustacea
Mouthparts...
Three pair
Mandibles, first and second maxillae
Crustacea
Legs (number, type)
Five or more
Biramous
The common name for members of the subfamily Phlebotominae
Sand fly
Sand flies are in the family...
Psychodia
List the genus of sand flies
New World = Lutzomyia
Old World = Phlebotomus
What diseases are carried by the sand fly (name three, one has two types)
Leishmaniasis (including kala azar and dum dum fever)
Bartonellosis
Pappataci fever
The family Simuliidae is also known as...
Black flies
Black fly larvae are found...
...in running water
Black flies carry what disease organism? What type of organism is the disease? What is the name of the disease it causes?
Onchocera volvulus
nematode
Onchocerciasis or river blindness
What is the common name of the ceratopogonidae? (List three variants.)
Biting midges, punkies, no-see-ums
Ceratopogonidae larvae are found in what type of habitat?
Aquatic
Typhus is caused by what type of organism?
Rickettsia
Epidemic typhus: list the organism and vector
Rickettsia prowazekii, lice
Murine typhus is also known as...
Endemic typhus
Murine typhus: list the organism and vector
Rickettsia typhi, fleas on rats (murine = rodents)
Scrub typhus: list the organism and vector
O. tustsugamushi, harvest mites
Queensland tick typhus: list the organism and vector
Rickettsia australis, ticks
Members of the genus Glossina are known as...
Tsetse
The two major tsetse are (list species name)
Glossina palpalis, Glossina morsitans
Tsetse vector which disease agent? What disease does it cause in humans?
Trypanosoma brucei, African sleeping sickness
Tsetse vector what two diseases to animals?
Nagana, surra
Tsetse lifecycle...
Viviparity, 3 larval instars, 1 larva at a time
Yellow fever is vectored by...
Ae aegypti
Yellow fever's causitive agent is a...
RNA virus
What three scientists are associated with yellow fever?
Carlos Finlay, Walter Reed, Jesse Lazear
Chikungunya is vectored by...
Ae spp.
Chikungunya's causitive agent is a...
Virus
The reservoir for Chikungunya is...
monkeys, humans
Dengue fever is vectored by...
Ae. aegypti
Dengue fever's causitive agent is a...
Virus
Malaria is vectored by...
An. spp.
Malaria's causitive agent is... (genus, type)
Plasmodium, protozoa
List the four most common Plasmodium and indicate which is the most fatal.
P. falciparum (most fatal), P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae
How many cases of malaria were there in 2009? How many deaths?
225 million cases, 781 k deaths
Filariasis is caused by what type of organism?
Nematodes
List the three major causitive agents for lymphatic filariasis.
Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, Brugia timori
Lymphatic filariasis is often results in which disease?
Elephantiasis
Which species of mosquito vector lymphatic filariasis?
Cu spp., Ae spp., An spp., Mansonia spp.
What disease is vectored by deer flies?
Loa loa or the eye worm
List the two causitive agents for subcutaneous filariasis, as well as their vectors.
Loa loa or the eye worm, deer flies.
Onchocera volvulus, onchoceriasis, black flies
Body lice vector what three diseases?
Epidemic typhus, Trench fever, Relapsing fever
Epidemic typhus is notable for its role in which war?
Napoleonic wars
Trench fever is notable for its role in which war?
WWI
What causitive agent is responsible for trench fever? What group does it belong to? What vectors it?
Bartonella quintana, Rickettsia, body lice
What causitive agent is responsible for relapsing fever? What is it related to? Where is it especially found? What vectors it?
Borrelia recurrentis, Lyme disease, developing nations, body lice
The species name for the common cattle grub
Hypoderma lineatum
The species name for the northern cattle grub
Hypoderma bovis
Adult cattle grubs cause cattle to...
gad
Cattle grub eggs are laid...
on hair
Common cattle grubs feed, as 2nd instars and higher, on the...
mucous membrane of the esophagous
Northern cattle grubs feed, as 2nd instars and higher, on the...
tissue in the spinal column
Cattle grub larva must be treated before what instar?
2nd
What pest cuts a hole for breathing in cattle?
2nd instar cattle grub
The species name for the horse bot fly
Gasterophilus intestinallis
What causes the eggs of the horse bot fly to hatch?
Licking
Where would you find the first instar larvae for the horse bot fly?
In the tongue for 3-4 weeks
Where would you find the second instar larvae for the horse bot fly?
In the stomach
What pest cuts a hole for breathing in cattle?
2nd instar cattle grub
The species name for the horse bot fly
Gasterophilus intestinallis
What causes the eggs of the horse bot fly to hatch?
Licking
Where would you find the first instar larvae for the horse bot fly?
In the tongue for 3-4 weeks
Where would you find the second instar larvae for the horse bot fly?
In the stomach
Where would you find the third instar larvae for the horse bot fly?
In the stomach
How do horse bot flies become pupae?
The third instar larvae are defecated, then crawl out of the feces to pupate
What do adult horse bot flies eat?
Nothing
Ixodes dammini = Ixodes ______
scapularis
List the vector for Lyme disease in the Western US.
Ixodes pacifica
List the causitive agent for Lyme disease in the US.
Borrelia burgdorferi
List the causitive agent for Lyme disease in Europe (there are two).
Borrelia afzellia, Borrelia garinii
Who identified the causitive agent for Lyme disease? Which year?
Burgdorfer, 1982
When was Lyme disease named? Why?
1975, after Lyme CT due to number of cases
List the vector for babesiosis
Deer ticks
List the vector for anaplasmosis
Deer ticks
_________ is secreted by the corpora allata
juvenile hormone
_________ is secreted by the corpora cardiaca
prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH)
_________ is secreted by the prothoracic glands
ecdysone
pharate
Once new exoskeleton has formed, the insect is ready to shed what's left of its old exoskeleton. At this stage, the insect is said to be pharate, meaning that the body is covered by two layers of exoskeleton.
This hormone triggers ecdysis, the physical process of shedding the old exoskeleton.
eclosion hormone
neurosecretory cells in the ventral ganglia secrete _____, a hormone that causes hardening and darkening of the integument (tanning)
bursicon
List the causitive agent of Chagas disease. What vectors it?
Trypanosoma cruzi, Assassin bugs (or kissing bugs) in the genera Triatoma and Rhodnius
Tularemia can be vectored by which fly?
Tabanidae
Anthrax can be vectored by which fly?
Tabanidae
Yaws can be vectored by...
Eye gnats
Conjunctivitis can be vectored by...
eye gnats
the Oriental rat flea
Xenopsylla cheopis
The caustivie agent for bubonic plague.
Pasturella pestis
Yellowfever mosquito
Aedes aegypti
Asian tiger mosquito
Aedes albopictus
Southern house mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Lone star tick
Amblyomma americanum
American dog tick
Dermacentor variabilis
Horn fly
Haematobia irritans
Face fly
Musca autumnalis
Stable fly
Stomoxys calcitrans
Cattle biting louse
Bovicola bovis
Little blue cattle louse
Solenopotes capillarus
Longnosed cattle louse
Linognathus vituli
Hog louse
Haematopinus suis
Northern fowl mite
Ornithonyssus sylviarum
America's First Native Entomologist
William D. Peck - 1795
Father of American Entomology
Thomas Say (1787-1834) - Published the first useful classic in 3 volumes "American
Entomology, or descriptions of the insects of North America".
Father of Economic
Entomology
Thaddeus William Harris ( 1796-1856)
_____ accepted a position with the U.S. Agricultural Division
of the Patent Office.
Townend Glover
_______ became the first state entomologist when he accepted a
newly created position with the state of New York.
Asa Fitch
A leading
teacher in entomology and helped found the first university
department of entomology in the world.
John Henry Comstock, Cornell University, NY (1874-1931) -
________ replaced Townend Glover
1878 - Charles Valentine Riley
Who suggested that resistant American rootstocks be used to control grape phylloxera in France?
Charles Valentine Riley
Who conceived and directed the biological control of the cottony cushion
scale?
Charles Valentine Riley
________ largely credited with the growth and
efficient operation of the Bureau of Entomology
1894 - Dr. Leland O. Howard
Due to the leadership of _______, third Bureau
Chief, congress passes the Plant Quarantine Act.
1912 - Charles L. Marlatt
When was Agricultural Research Service (ARS) formed?
1953
Morrill Land - Grant College Act
1862 - donated 30,000 acres of
federal land for each U.S. senator and representative for the
endowment, support, and maintenance of at least one college
where leading subject areas of agriculture and mechanical arts
were to be taught.
______ was invited from Germany and he became the
first regular teacher of Entomology at Harvard; he subsequently
established the first Entomological Museum.
1867 - Hermann Hagen
Hatch Act
1887 - supported state agricultural experiment stations
throughout the U.S.
Smith-Lever Act
1914 - created the Federal-State Extension Service.
Thaddeus H. Parks was the first extension entomologist, hired by
the University of Idaho.
First entomology society
1842-1844 Entomological Society of Pennsylvania - first of its type.
American Entomological Society founded in...
1859
Association of Economic Entomologists was formed in...
1889
Entomological Society of America was formed in...
1906
Pure Food Act
1906
Insecticide Act
1910 - preventing misbranding and adulteration
Food and Drug and Cosmetic Act
1938 (Supersedes Pure Food Act of
1906) - tolerances established under Food and Drug Administration
(FDA)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
1947 -
(Supersedes Insecticide Act - 1910)
Fossorial legs
digging
Natatorial legs
swimming
Saltatorial legs
jumping
Raptorial legs
grasping
Cursorial legs
running
Ambulatorial legs
walking
Obtect
Exarate
Coarctate
Coarctate
Eruciform
Campodeiform
Elateriform
Vermiform