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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was the reason for the formation of the
United States Navy?
The United States Navywas formed because the
Second Continental Congress realized that
the survival of the colonies as independent
from England depended on the formation of
naval forces.
During the late 18th century, battleships were
classified as—
During the late 18th century, battleships were
classified as ships-of-the-line.
During 1775, a craft was completed to fight the
British Navy. What type of craft was this, what
was it named, and who was its inventor?
The craft developed in 1775 was a warfare
submarine, named the Turtle, and invented by
David Bushnell.
What is the significance of the 1776 raid on the
island of New Providence in the Bahamas?
This raid was the first amphibious operation
carried out by the American Navy and
Marines.
The first official recognition of the American
Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was
given by (a) what nation in (b) what location?
a.
b.
The first official recognition of the American
Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was
given by (a) France (b) to the USS Ranger.
After the Revolutionary War, what was the next
significant role of the U.S. Navy?
After the Revolutionary War, the U.S. Navy
defended America’s small merchant ship fleet
from the Barbary pirates.
List the two conflicts that the American Navy
was involved in between the Revolutionary War
and the War of 1812.
a.
b.
Between the Revolutionary War and the War of
1812, the U.S. Navy was involved with the—
a. Quasi War with France and
b. Barbary States War.
Describe the event during the Barbary StatesWar
that Lord Nelson thought of as one of the most
bold and daring acts of the age.
Lord Nelson said that the operation executed
by LT Stephen Decatur and 84 seamen by
slipping into the harbor of Tripoli and
burning the captured frigate Philadelphia
was “one of the most bold and daring acts of the
age.”
List two events that the U.S. Navy was involved
in during the War of 1812
a.
b.
a. The sea battle between the American
frigate USS Constitution and the British
frigate Guerriere and
b. The victory of Captain Oliver Hazard Perry
over the British squadron on Lake Erie.
The Mexican-American War was primarily a
land war. However, the Navy provided what
service during this war?
During the Mexican-American War, the Navy
blockaded the port cities on the Gulf and the
“Mosquito Fleet” provided protective action
during the first large-scale amphibious
operation in U.S. military history.
List the naval developments during the last part
of the 19th century.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
a. Introduction of ironclad ships
b. Introduction of riverboats, rams, and
gunboats
c. Development of submarines
d. Construction of steeled-hull protected
cruisers, signaling the end of the ironclads
e. Development of self-propelled torpedo and
long-range torpedo boats
f. Development of the internal combustion
engine for ships
After the development of the ironclad, what was
the Confederate Navy’s next achievement?
After developing the ironclad, the Confederate
Navy developed the submarine.
During the Civil War, the U.S. Navy’s first
admiral gave the famous order, “Damn the
torpedoes! Full speed ahead.” List the admiral’s
name and battle where he gave the order.
During the Civil War Battle of Mobile bay,
Admiral Farragut gave order, “Damn the
torpedoes! Full speed ahead.”
Describe how Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval
strategy.
Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval strategy
through his books that stressed the idea that
without control of the seas, a nation couldn’t
expect victory. He was one of the first
instructors at the Naval War College and
shared his knowledge on sea power and the
importance of understanding naval needs.
What was the major cause of the
Spanish-American War?
The Spanish-American war began when the
Maine was blown up and 250 Sailors were
killed.
Who was instrumental in quickly ending the
Spanish-American War?
Commodore George Dewey was instrumental
in quickly ending the Spanish-American War.
Before WW I, the Navy built surface ships and
submarines. What other development occurred
then that is still a big part of today’s naval
arsenal?
The development of airplanes occurred at this
time.
What was one reason why the U.S. Navy was
deployed?
The U.S. Navy was deployed to stop German
U-boats frompracticing unrestricted warfare
and terrorizing the seas.
Describe the role of Navy destroyers.
During this war, destroyers were used as the
main defense against German U-boats. They
also served as an escort for troop ships and
supply convoys for the allies.
Describe the role of the air forces.
During this war, the air forces supported
surface antisubmarine forces.
What was the role of Navy women?
During this war,women enlisted in the Navy as
Yeoman (F), releasing enlisted men for active
service at sea.
What was the significance of the Battle of Coral
Sea?
The Battle of Coral Sea was fought by aircraft,
all of which were launched fromcarriers. This
battle saved Australia from being invaded by
the Japanese.
List the other major naval battles in the Pacific
during World War II and describe their
significance.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The major naval battles in the Pacific during
World War II and their significance is as
follows:
a. Battle of Guadalcanal—The Solomon
Islands came under allied control and the
danger of Australia coming under
Japanese attack was lessened
b. Battle of the Philippine Sea—Heavy losses
of ships, aircraft, and pilots paralyzed the
Japanese Fleet
c. Battle of Leyte Gulf—Deciding blowto the
Japanese Navy. Losing control of the
Philippines meant that the Japanese
homeland was cut off from its main source
of supplies from the south.
d. Battle of Midway—The turning point of
the war in the Pacific.
e. The Battles of Okinawa and Iwo
Jima—Defeat of the Japanese in these
battles signaled an approach to the end of
the war.
Describe the role of the U.S.Navy in the Atlantic
Ocean during World War II.
During World War II, the U.S. Navy protected
convoys bound for Europe from German
U-boat attack.
The shape of the Navy changed during World
War II because of new ships introduced during
this period. List some of the types of ships that
were introduced during this period.
landing ships, frigates, attack cargo ships,
transport ships, barracks ships, net tenders,
repair ships, radar pickets minelayers, and
mine sweepers.
What is the significance of the date 30 Jul 43?
Congress authorized the
establishment of the Women’s Reserve to fill
acute shortages of personnel during World
War II.
What is the significance of the Women’s Armed
Services Integration Act?
abolished the Women’s Reserve and gave
women full partnership in the Navy.
List some of the Navy’s roles during the Korean
Conflict.
a.
b.
c.
d.
a. Providing close air support to knock out
bridges and block enemy routes with the
use of jets from carriers
b. Navy helicopters spotted enemy artillery
c. Navy ships supported the amphibious
landing at Inchon through massive shore
bombardment before ground forces landed
d. The Navy successfully used its battleships
to intervene in ground operations far
ashore.
List some of the Navy’s missions during the
Vietnam Police Action.
a.
b.
c.
a. Surface ship-based gunfire support
b. Carrier-based aircraft operations
c. Coastal interdiction patrols against the
enemy
What are other actions the Navy was involved
with during the same timeframe as the Vietnam
Police Action?
a.
b.
a. The manned space exploration program
b. Manned undersea exploration, using deep
submergence vehicles and underwater
laboratories
What service did the Navy provide during the
Iraq – Iran War?
During the Iraq – Iran War, the Navy escorted
and protected oil tankers in transit to and
fromthePersian Gulf against Iranian attacks.
List the Navy’s contributions during Operation
Dessert Storm.
a.
b.
c.
a. Providing sea control
b. Naval gunfire support for sea to ground
forces
c. Surface and subsurface missile attacks on
selected targets in Iraq