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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
these can be living or non-living things
organic compounds
what are the 2 ways an organic compound may be synthesized?
by living things

in a lab
what elements do all organic compounds have?
carbon and hydrogen
what elements will some organic compounds have?
oxygen and nitrogen
what element will only a few organic compounds have?
sulphur
wat 4 elements make up almost 96% of body tissue compounds?
C H O N
this element has 4 valance electrons that form 4 single bonds
carbon
what group is carbon in?
4
this element has 1 valance electron
hydrogen
this element has 6 valance electrons, and it can make 2 single bonds or 1 double bond
oxygen
this element has 5 valance electrons
nitrogen
how many electrons does nitrogen want to satisfy the octet rule?
3
this element has 6 valance electrons
sulphur
how many electrons does sulphur want to satisfy the octet rule?
2
this is used to clasify/name organic compounds
functional group
where is the site of the chemical reaction?
functional group
what elements do the functional groups contain?
O + N and/or S
what is R?
the carbon containing group
carbon containing group =
alkyl group
where is the site of the chemical reaction?
functional group
what elements do the functional groups contain?
O + N and/or S
what is R?
the carbon containing group
carbon containing group =
alkyl group
where is the site of the chemical reaction?
functional group
what elements do the functional groups contain?
O + N and/or S
what is R?
the carbon containing group
carbon containing group =
alkyl group
read through the written out flashcards of
functional groups and their class of organic compounds
these groups contain only C + H ( Hydrocarbon)
ALKYL Groups
alkyl with 1 carbon
methyl
-CH3
alkyl with 2 carbons
ethyl
-CH2CH3
alkyl with 3 carbons
propyl
-CH2CH2CH3
alkyl with 4 carbons
butyl
-CH2CH2CH2CH3
alkyl with 5 carbons
pentyl
-CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
alkyl with 6 carbons
hexyl
-CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
these contain only carbon and hydrogen
hydrocarbons
2 kinds of hydrocarbons?
saturated and unsaturated
SATURATED

-all carbons are saturated w/ hydrons

-all C-C bonds within the molecule are single bonds
UNSATURATED

-contains at least one single or triple bond
these are saturated hydrocarbons existing in openchains
ALKANES
these are unsaturated hydrocarbons in a chain larger than or equal to 1 double chain, or triple chain
ALKENES
these are hyrdrocarbons in a closed ring chain formation
CYCLOALKANES
NAMING UNBRANCHED ALKANES
NAMING UNBRANCHED ALKANES
1 carbon unbranched alkane
methane
CH4
2 carbon unbranched alkane
ethane
CH3CH3
3 carbon unbranched alkane
propane
CH3CH2CH3
4 carbon unbranched alkane
butane
CH3CH2CH2CH3
5 carbon unbranched alkane
pentane
CH3(CH2)3 CH3
6 carbon unbranched alkane
hexane
CH3(CH2)4 CH3
7 carbon unbranched alkane
heptane
CH3(CH2)5 CH3
8 carbon unbranched alkane
octane
CH3(CH2)6 CH3
9 carbon unbranched alkane
nonane
CH3(CH2)7 CH3
10 carbon unbranched alkane
decane
CH3(CH2)8 CH3