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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
purpose of gastric lavage
1.toxic ingestion
2.GI bleed
pseudohyponatremia: seen in...
DKA - due to high [glucose]
most common cause of ARF
HUS
1.microangiopathic HA
2.thrombocytopenia
3.ARF
RSV: spread by...
contact w/droplets or secretions
mild motor delays
macrocephaly
small foramen magnum
hydrocephalus
hypotonic, mild motor delays
vertebral anomalies
achondroplasia
common cause of pancreatitis in young children
trauma
constipation -> progressive motor weakness (ptosis, poor feeding) -> hypoxia

dx?
botulism
hemiplegia
involvement of 1 side w/UE more involved than LE
diplegia
(B) LE spasticity
extrapyramidal cerebral palsy
ataxia
chorea
dystonia
dystonic cerebral palsy
uncontrollable jerking
writhing
posturing
most common cause of nasal obstruction in infants
choanal stenosis
x% chance of seizure in pts s/p head trauma
10%
most common side effect of AZT
anemia
test for HIV in infants
HIV DNA PCR (qualitative test)
closure of neural tube @ x wks
2-3 wks
open-mouth breathing
dark circles under eyes
watery d/c
conjunctival erythema, itching
allergic rhinitis
recurrent episodes of rhinitis: lead to...
decrease risk of asthma
most common cause of opthalmia neonatorum
chlamydia trachomatis (5-12 days postpartum)
chemical conjunctivitis: cause
silver nitrate
(resolves by 36 hrs after delivery)
tuberous sclerosis: hypopigmented / hyperpigmented macules?
hypo-pigmented macules
fever
sore throat
drooling
hyperextended neck
epiglottitis
fever
cough
stridor
no drooling/dysphagia

dx?
bacterial tracheitis

(staphylococcus)
standard cow milk = x kcal/oz
20 kcal/oz
daily energy requirement for infant = ?
100 kcal/kg
ascending paralysis
absent DTRs
Guillan-Barre
growing pains
recurrent nighttime leg pain
age 4-8
seizures + bloody diarrhea

dx?
shigella
unexplained fevers -> short stature -> elevated ESR -> mild anemia

dx?
IBD
bacterial meningitis -> ?
SIADH

therefore, check lytes
constitutional growth delay: decrease in growth rate always occurs in 1st x yrs of life
first 2 yrs of life
sinal muscular atrophy
progressive weakness

autosomal recessive
AEDs: use in age x or older
age 8 or older
chronic, draining OM
seborrheic dermatitis scalp, diaper
skin rash on trunk
skeletal involvement

dx?
langerhans cell histiocytosis
ricket is always associated w...
high ALP
secondary drowning
immersion injury -> successful resuscitation -> death 24 hrs later
near drowning
immersion injury -> temporary survival
water intoxication
s/p fresh water drowning

hyponatremia 2ndary to excessive free water -> cerebral edema -> increased intracranial pressure
Hirschsprung disease: immediate tx
IV fluids & IV abx
most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism
abnl development of thyroid gland
hypsarrhythmia: classic finding in...
infantile spasms