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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What do arteries do?
Carry away from heart
What do Viens do
Carries towards heart
What are capillaries
smallest vessels and sites of exchange
What are 4 functions of blood?
Body temp
Transport o2 & nutrients
transport waste
transport hormones
What composes blood?
Formed elements
What proportions are FE?
45% RBC
55% plasma
less than 1% WBC & platelets
FE made of cell fragments
THrombohcytes
FE carries hemoglobin
Erthrocytes
FE has increased surface area
Erthrocytes
FE can move outside vessels with amoeboid movement
Leukocytes
FE Can follow a chemical trail released by damaged cells
Leukocytes
FE gets energy through anaerobic respiration
Erythrocytes
Fe major agent involved in clotting
Thrombohcytes
What cell do blood cells come from?
Hemocytoblast or Stem cells
What is known as "red blood cell graveyard"
Spleen
This is a cell that reaches a point where it can only become a erhrocyte
Erythrocyte
This cell can no longer synthesize hemoglobin after this stage
Normoblast
This cell produces massive amounts of ribosomes at this stage.
Early & Late erythroblast
this cell produces massive amounts of hemoglobin up to this pt.
Proerythroblast
WhatWhat is purpose of erthropoietin?
to form red blood cells
What 3 stages contribute to stop blood flow?
clotting
Vascular spasms
Platelet plug formtion
TypeA
Antigens?
Antibodies?
Donor to?
Recieves from?
-A
-anti B
-A,AB
-A,O
Type B
Antigens?
Antibodies?
Donor to?
Recieves from?
-B
-anti-A
-B,AB
-B,O
Type AB
Antigens?
Antibodies?
Donor to?
Recieves from?
-A&B
-none
-AB
-a,B,AB,O
Type O
Antigens?
Antibodies?
Donor to?
REcieves From?
-none
-Anti A&B
-A,B,AB,O
-O
Who is the universal Donor?
Type O
Who is unverisal recipiant?
Type AB
How long can RBC's Survive?
100-120 days
What is the shape of RBCs?
biconcave
is RBCs nucleate or anucleate?
Anucleate
Are RBCs Aerobic?
aerobic
Site of oxygen loading...
lungs
Site of CO2 loading...
tissues
What are 3 food nutrients that are needed for erythropoiesis?
Iron
Vitamin B12
Folic Acid
A genetic disorder in which abnormal hemoglobinis produced and becomes spiky under hypoxic conditions
Sickle cell anemia
Common occurrence after transfusion occurs
Hemolytic anemia
most numerous leukocytes
Neutrophil
Gradular WBCs
neutrophils
Eosinophil
Basophil
Phagocytic WBcs
Neutrophil
Monocyte
Agranular WBCs
lymphocyte
monocyte
Fragment to form platelets
Megakaryocyte
increase during allergy attacks
Eosinophil
least # of WBCs
Basophils
What is found is dissolved plasma?
Protein
Electrolytes
Nutrients
What is the normail PH level?
7.35-7.45
What do T cells do?
Act directly aganist virus infected cells and tumor cells
what do B cells do?
create plasma cells which produce antibodies
What are the accessory components?
Bone marrow
Spleen
Liver
Kidneys
Rh+ has What
Antigens
Rh- does not have
Rh antigens
Rh+ can accept from
Rh+ or Rh-
Rh- cna accept from
Rh-
what is Rhogam given for?
To block development of antibodies
what % is hemoglobin in RBCs
97%
What does plasma do?
suspends blood cells and transports blood cells