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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
agglutination
The clumping together of cells as a result of an interaction with specific antibodies
albumin
A plasma protein, Helps maintain blood volume and pressure.
allergen
a substance that can produce a hypersensitive reaction in the body
allergy
a hypersensitive reaction to normally harmless antigens, most of which are environmental.
anaphylaxis
an exargerrated, life threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen
anisocytosis
an abnormal condition of the blood characterized by red blood cells of variable and abnormal size
antibodies
substances produced by the body in response to bacteria, viruses, or other foreign sustances. Each class of antibody is and reacts specifically with that antibody.
antigens
a substance, ususally a protein, that causes the formation of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody
ascites
an abnormal aintraperitoneal (within the peritonal cavity) accumulation of a fluid containing large amounts of protein and electrolytes.
basophil
a granulocytic white blood cell characrterized by cytoplasmic granules that stain blue when exposed to a basic dye.
bilirubin
The orange-yelloe pigment of bile formed principally by the break down of hemoglobin in red blood cells after termination of their normal life.
coagulation
the process of transforming a liquid into a solid, especially of the blood.
corpuscle
any cell of the body; red or white blood cell
dyscrasia
an abnormal condition of the blood or bone marrow, such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, or prenatal RH- compatability.
edema
the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of tissues.
differentiation
a rocess in development in which unspecialized cells or tissues are sytematically modified or altered to acheive specific and characrteristic forms
electrophoresis
the movement of charged particles through a liquid medium in response to changes in an electric field.
enzyme
an organic substance that initates and accelerates a chemical reaction
erythremia
an abnormal increase in red blood cells
erthroblast
an immature red blood cell
erythrocyte
a mature red blood cell.
erythropoiesis
a process of red blood cell formation
erythroproieten
a hormone in the kidneys and released into the bloodstream in response to anoxia (lack of oxygen). The hormone acts to stimulate and regulate the production of erythrocytes and thus is able to increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
hemoglobin
a complex protein-iron compound in the blood that carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon diaoxide away from the cells to the lungs
hemorrhage
a loss of a large sum of blood in a short period of time externally or internally
hyperalbuminemia
an increased amount of albumin in the blood
leukocyte
a white blood cell
plasma
the watery straw colored substance in the blood in which the leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets are suspended
platelet
a clotting cell
septicemia
systemic infection in which pathogens are present in the circulating bloodstream having spread from an infection the other part of the body
serum
also called blood serum. the clear, thin, sticky fluid portion of the blood that remains after coagulations. serum contains no bllod cells, platelets or fibrinogen.
thrombus
a clot
anemia
deficiency of oxygen being delivered to the cells because of a decrease in the quanitity of hemoglobin or red blood cells. fatigue, paleness of skin, headache, fainting
aplastic anemia
inadequacy of the formed blood elements/bone marrow transplant
hemoltic anemia
extreme reduction of RBC's due to their destruction.
pernicious anemia
deficiency of mature RBC's and the formation of megaloblasts. 60 years of age.
sickel cell anemia
found in african americans. cells take on moon shaped figure and clot up
hemophilia
person can't stop bleeding.
leukemia
excessive uncontrolled increase of immature WBC's in the blood eventually leading to infection, anemia, and thromcytopenia (decreased number of platelets).
multiple myeloma
a malignant plasma cell neoplasm, causes an increase in the number of both mature and immaure blood cells, which often entirely replace the bone marrow and destroy the skeletal structure
hypersensitivity
an abnormal condition characterized by an excessive reation to a particular substance
T cells
they originate in the Thymus. Upon maturation, T Cells enter the blood stream and circulate throughout the body, providing defense by attacking foreign or abnormal cells.
B Cells
Attack bacteria in the body when they reach a certain amount
cytomegalovirus
a large species-specific herpe type virus with a wide variety of disease effects. It cause serious illness in people with AIDS or other immune system deficiencies.
AIDS
the body's immune system in the last or final phase of HIV infection, which primarily damages helper T's with CD4 receptors.
lymphoma
a lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant beginning with a painful lymph node and progressing to anemia, weakness, fever, and weight loss. Burkitt's, Hodgkin's, and non-Hodgkin's
myathenia gravis
an autoimmune disease in which antibodies block or destroy some actylcholine receptor sites. end up with paralysis and feed with liquid diet.
systemic lupus
an inflammatory connective tissue disease, chronic in nature, in which immune complexes are formed from the reaction of SLE autoantibodies and their corresponding antigens
tuberculosis
an infection disease chronic in nature, primarily affecting the lungs.
Lymphatic
lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils
Blood
erthrocytes, leukocytes, throbocytes, blood types,