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22 Cards in this Set

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Triple Alliance
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Italy
Nations united by common imperialistic goals.
Triple Entente
Britain
France
Russia
Nations united by a common fear of Germany.
Central Powers
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Bulgaria
Turkey
Allied Powers
Britain
France
Russia
Italy (1915)
United States (1917)
unrestricted submarine warfare
Germany fired on all ships in a designated war zone around Britain.
Instead of just using a blockade.
Lusitania
May, 1915
British liner sunk without warning off the coast of Ireland by Germans.
1,198 perished
convoy system
US ships traveled to Europe with supplies. Naval destroyers with antisubmarine guns escorted them.
With such protection, shipping losses were cut.
War Industries Board
Organized the industrial production needed. Factories transformed.
War Labor Policies Board
To keep costs & wages under control & to regulate laborers.
Stepped in to settle disputes between labor & management.
American Expeditionary Force
American troops who joined the European fighting force starting Fall of 1917.
doughboys
Nickname for American troops
Training time was 3 months.
John Pershing
General who commanded AEF starting Spring 1918.
Ferdinand Foch
Frenchman who served as Supreme Allied Commander over General Pershing.
Vladimir Lenin
Led Communist Revolution to overthrow Czar in 1917.
Germans aided his return to Russia & got Russia out of WWI.
Armistice Day
Nov. 11, 1918 when Germany signed agreement to stop fighting.
Now called Veterans' Day
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson's set of guidelines to rebuild European peace. Announced in Jan. 1918.
Most of plan rejected except for point 14
League of Nations
Organization of cooperating nations that could talk over problems & settle them peacefully.
Point 14
reparations
payment for damages by the losers
Big Four at Paris Peace Conference (1/18/1919)
Georges Clemenceau - France
David Lloyd George - Britain
Vittorio Orlando - Italy
Woodrow Wilson - U.S.
"a victors' peace"
Treaty of Versailles
June 28, 1919

Not signed by U.S.
Placed all the blame for the war on Germany & forced Germany to pay for its actions.
June 28, 1914
Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.
April 6, 1917
America officially entered the war.