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45 Cards in this Set

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Biology
Study of life
N/A
Living Condition
The major characteristics of living things.
Characteristics
Internal Movement
movement inside the body.
N/A
Assimilation
All the right parts coming together to form the living material.
parts forming
Reproduction
the making of an organism similar to the original.
another one
Variation
Diffrences in one from another.
N/A
Organic
The substances that living things produce.
stuff
Protoplasm
The living material of an organism.
material
Inorganic
Things that are not alive and never have been.
Not alive
Irritability
Capacity of an organism to respond to stimuli.
resopond
Food
Organic energy-containing substance.
container
Life
a condition that comes from other life and needs energy to continue living.
N/A
locomotion
moving form one place to another.
*assimilation
Latin. Assimilare, to make similar to.
List and briefly describe the attributes of life.
1. Exhibits movement, internally or externally.
2. Achieves growth by assimilation
3. Reproduces, or has babies
4.Comes from similar preexisting life
5. Has a similar chemical makeup.
6.Is composed of cells
7.Exhibits irratability
8. Requires energy
9. Maintains a high level of organization
10. Faces death
There's alot!!
*microscope
micro-(small) + -scope or scopy (Gk. SKOPEIN, to view)
*meter
(Gk. METRON, measure)
*centimeter
centi-(L. CENTUM, hundred) + -meter (measure)
*millimeter
milli-(L. MILLE, thousand)+-meter(measure)
*micrometer
micro- (small) + -meter(measure)
*nanometer
nano-(L. NANUS, dwarf)+-meter(measure)
*ocular
(L. OCULUS, eye)
*micrograph
micro- (small)+ -graph or graphy (Gk. GRAPHEON, to write)
*ultrasonography
ultra-Latin, ULTRA, beyond. + sono-Sonus, sound.+ Graphy- to write.
*autoradiography
auto-(Gk. AUTOS, self)+ -radio(L. RADIARE, to emit beams)+-graphy(to write)
*endoscopy
endo-(Gk. ENDON, within)+ -scopy(to view)
Who is called the Father of Microscopy and how did he earn this title?
Anton van Leeuwenhoek, he used simple microscopes.
List several problems that can effect the validity of experiments wiht living things.
Errors can be made by the biologist in his observations. Errors can result if the specimen is atypical. Errors an be made when the techniques used are crude.
Microscope
a device that is made of a lens and is used to see small things
meter
a unit of measurement
Centimeter
a unit of measurement equal to 0.01 of a meter.
Millimeter
a unit of measurement eqal to 0.001 of a meter.
Micrometer
a unit of measurement equal to 0.000001 of a meter
Nanometer
a unit of measurement equal to 0.000000001 of a meter
Angstrom
a unit of measurement equal to 0.0000000001 of a meter.
Compound Light Microscope
a commonly used microscope
objective
the lense in a microscope that is closet to the stage
ocular
the lense in a microscope you look through
stage
The thing in a microscope you put the specimen on
body tube
the long cylander on a microscope
electron microscope
a microscope that uses electrons
reflection
bouncing back of light
refraction
the bending of light
resolution
the ability to distiguish fine detail.
model
an explanation of how something works