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24 Cards in this Set

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Maps made by placing a flat sheet of paper on an imaginary wire globe, touching only one point and the shadows traced on this paper form what type of map?
azimuthal projection
A typical globe is covered by twelve paper strips called?
gores
Maps made by placing a cone-shaped piece of paper on an imaginary wire globe, tracing the shadow onto the cone, then open and flatten the cone are called?
conic projection
A reference point in which government surverors used to subdivide the land into a series of smaller squares.
principal meridians
Imaginary lines running east and west around the earth.
latitude
A detailed description of the earth, especially it's surface.
geography
A line of latitude
parallel
Imaginary lines that run north to south, stretching from pole to pole, around the earth.
longitude
Measure the land.
survey
The height and depth of land features.
relief
A regular pattern of intersecting vertical and horizontal lines.
grid
The line that divides the earth between the north and south.
equator
A line of longitude
meridian
When dividing the earth's sphere into two halves, what is each half called?
hemisphere
Mapmaking
cartography
The meridian passing through Greenwich, England, which serves as the base line for determining longitude
Prime Meridian
The lines that separate colors on a relief map.
contour lines
Detailed land features, including their heights
topography
Any method used to "project" the earth's round surface onto a flat map.
map projection
An imaginary line that can be drawn around the earth to cut it into equal hemispheres.
great circle
To twist or bend out of shape.
distortion
Maps that are made by rolling a sheet of paper around the wire globe in the shape of a cylinder and tracing the shadows cast by the light then unrolling the paper to get a flat map is called?
cylindrical projection
Maps that cut and flatten the earth like an orange peel are called?
interrupted projections
An area of land ten chains long and one chain wide.
acre