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24 Cards in this Set

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 Maps made by placing a flat sheet of paper on an imaginary wire globe, touching only one point and the shadows traced on this paper form what type of map? azimuthal projection A typical globe is covered by twelve paper strips called? gores Maps made by placing a cone-shaped piece of paper on an imaginary wire globe, tracing the shadow onto the cone, then open and flatten the cone are called? conic projection A reference point in which government surverors used to subdivide the land into a series of smaller squares. principal meridians Imaginary lines running east and west around the earth. latitude A detailed description of the earth, especially it's surface. geography A line of latitude parallel Imaginary lines that run north to south, stretching from pole to pole, around the earth. longitude Measure the land. survey The height and depth of land features. relief A regular pattern of intersecting vertical and horizontal lines. grid The line that divides the earth between the north and south. equator A line of longitude meridian When dividing the earth's sphere into two halves, what is each half called? hemisphere Mapmaking cartography The meridian passing through Greenwich, England, which serves as the base line for determining longitude Prime Meridian The lines that separate colors on a relief map. contour lines Detailed land features, including their heights topography Any method used to "project" the earth's round surface onto a flat map. map projection An imaginary line that can be drawn around the earth to cut it into equal hemispheres. great circle To twist or bend out of shape. distortion Maps that are made by rolling a sheet of paper around the wire globe in the shape of a cylinder and tracing the shadows cast by the light then unrolling the paper to get a flat map is called? cylindrical projection Maps that cut and flatten the earth like an orange peel are called? interrupted projections An area of land ten chains long and one chain wide. acre