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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The genetic code of life is _____.
DNA
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine are all _____.
Bases
Recombinant DNA technology is also known as ______ _______.
Gene Splitting
________ _________ can be done to change animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Genetic Engineering
An important contribution of biotechnology to waste management is _______ ______ _______ ________.
bacteria that consume oil
Chemical pollution in water that may be decomposed or deactivated by bacteria include ______.
PCBs
Used to make alcoholic beverages
Fruits & Grains
Causes bread to rise
Yeast
Fermented grains or grasses
Silage
Heredity
Genetics
DNA and bases
Genes
Result of dominant gene
Tall pea plants
Embryo
Fertilized cell
Control blood sugar levels
Insulin
Makes "marked" bacteria turn blue
X-Gal
The use of microorganisms, animals cells, plant cells, or components of cells to produce products or carry out processes with living organisms
Biotechnology
Who is credited with discovering the effect of genetics on plant characteristics?
Gregor Johann Mendel
What did Mendel first experiment with?
Garden Peas
In ______, Mendel observed that one of those characterisitcs seemed to be dominant over the other.
1866
There are an estimated ________ kinds of plants and over __________ kinds of animals.
300,000; 1 million
In _______, Friedrich Meischer observed that the nuclei of all cells contain a slightly acidic substance called nucleic acid.
1867
________,________, ________, and _________ are the genetic alphabet of the language of life.
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
Scientists have learned to improve plants, animals, and microbes by manipulating the _________ content of cells.
Genetics
Some animals are more ________ to diseases than other animals.
Susceptible
It is possible to ______ the ______ _______ in plants to imporve them.
alter; genetic materials
_______ used to be available only from animal _______ _______, was in short supply, and eas very expensive.
Insulin; pancreas tissues
The environmental law mandate a reduction in solid waste disposal of ____% between 1993 and 1995, ____% by 1997, and ____% by 2000.
10; 27; 40
The "_______" has risen from as low as $_.__ per ton in some communities in the early 1980s to over $___.__ per ton for NYC in the middle 1990s.
tipping; 3.00; 146.00
_____ and _____ governments monitor biotechnology research and development very closely.
federal; state
Appropriate ______, _______, and _____ have been developed as biotechnology eveloved.
policies, procedures, laws
______ is a system of moral principles that defines what is right and wrong in a society.
ethics
Benfits of Biotechnology on Humans
Fight Human Disease, Promote Human Health
Benefits of Biotechnology on Animals
Combating Animal Disease, Controls Shipping Fever, Healthier Animals
Benefits of Biotechnology on Government
Heavily Regulated by FDA, USDA, and EPA; 10-15 years to approve or reject
Benefits of Biotechnology on Agriculture
Increase Yield, High-Quality Crop, Reduces Soil Erosion
Benefits of Biotechnolgy on Food
Boosts Nutirtional FActs on Food
Benefits of Biotechnology on Economy
Inexpensive