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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
BIOLOGY
THE STUDY OF LIFE
ANATOMY
THE STRUCTURE
PHYSIOLOGY
HOW IT WORKS
MULTICELLULAR
MANY CELLS
UNICELLURAR
ONE CELL (LIKE AMOEBA)
CELL
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE
TISSUES
MANY CELLS COMBINDED
ORGANS
MANY TISSUES COMBINDED
MEMBRANE
BOUNDARY OF THE CELL
COMMUNITY + PHYSCICAL ENVIORMENT =
ECOSYSTEM
HOMEOSTASIS
LATIN:
THE INTERNAL ENVIORMENT REMAINS CONSTANT (LIKE THE BODY TEMP. ALWAYS REMAINS THE SAME)
LATIN:TO STAY THE SAME
GROWTH
THE CHANGES (DEVELOPEMENT)
ENERGY
THE ABILITY TO DO WORK
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
LIGHT TO MAKE SOMETHING
H20+CO2=SUGAR
RESPONSIVENESS
STIMULI (YOU TOUCH SOMETHING HOT, YOU RESPOND)
REPRODUCTION
CONTINUATION OF LIFE
DNA->GENE->PROTEIN
MUTATION
MISTAKE
ADAPTATION
THE ORGANISIMS WILL CHANGE TO FIT THE ENVIORMENT GENETIC MAKEUP (GENOME)
EVOLUTION
WHEN THE GENTIC MAKEUP OF A SPECIES WILL CHANGE THROUGH TIME.
DIVERSITY OF LIFE/
5 KINGDOMS:
1.MONERA<-PROKARYOLIC
2.PROTISTA}
3.FUNGI }EUKARGOLIC
4.PLANTAE
5.ANIMALIA}
DIVERSITY OF LIFE
PROKARYOLIC
NO NUCLEUS
DIVERSITY OF LIFE
EUKASYOLIC
HAVE NUCLEUS
DIVERSITY OF LIFE
if they are PRODUCERS, they are called...
AUTOTROPHS
(PRODUCE THEIR OWN FOOD)
DIVERSITY OF LIFE
if they are CONSUMERS, they are called...
HETEIOTROPHS
MONERA
SMALLEST AND OLDEST THING OF LIFE
BACTERIA
PATHOGEN
GOOD BACTERIA?
PROTISTA
UNICELLURA
FUNGI
FUNGUS
(MOLD, YEAST/UNI, MUSHROOMS/MULTI)
ANIMALIA
MULTICELLUAR
HOW TO WRITE:
HOMO SAPIENS
H. Sapiens
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
1. OBSERVATION
2. QUESTION
3. HYPOTHESIS FORMATION
4. TESTING
SCIENCE
IS A WAY OF KNOWING THINGS
THEORY
IF A HYPOTHESIS HAS BEEN TESTED OVER AND OVER AGAIN
2 BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY
-ORGANIC-LIVING
-INORGANIC-NONLIVING
ATOMS
SMALLEST UNIT OF ELEMENTS
atoms retain the PHYSICAL and ... properties.
CHEMICAL
ISOTOPES
THESE ARE THE ATOMS OF THE SAME ELEMENT THAT ONLY DEFERS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS
HALF LIFE
THE AMOUNT OF TIME IT TAKES TO CONVERT 50% OF IT TO NORMAL
A COMPOUND IS FORMED WHEN...
2 OR MORE ELEMETS COMBIND
REACTION BETWEEN ATOMS
IONIC REACTION
TRANSFER OF E FROM ONE ATOM TO OTHER ATOM
IF THERE ARE MORE PROTONS THE ELECTRONS ARE...
+
IF THERE ARE MORE ELECTRONS THE PROTONS ARE
-
IONS + ARE...
CATION
IONS - ARE...
ANION
REACTIONS BETWEEN ATOMS
COVALENT REACTION
ELECTRON IS SHARED
POLARITY
ONE IS - AND ONE IS +
REACTIONS BETWEEN ATOMS
HYDROGEN BOND
CREATED BETWEEN THE O OF ONE MOLECULE AND THE H OF ANOTHER MOLECULE. (BOIL)
H+>OH- ->
HCL->CL- + H+
ACID
OH->H2 ->
NAOH->NA+ + OH-
BASE/ALKALINE
BUFFERS
RESIST THE CHANGE IN PH
(H2O IS A GOOD BUFFER)
ORGANIC ALWAYS CONTAINS...
CARBON
C=SHARES
C-C-C-C-C...
SKELETON BIOMOLECULES(MOLECULE OF LIFE)
MACRO
BIG (MACROMOLECULES->MADE OF UNITS)
AMINO ACIDS->
BUILDING BLOCKS OF PROTEINS
KERATIN
HAIR+NAILS
COLLAGEN
LIGANIENTS/TENDENTS
ACTIN+MYOSIN
MUSCLES
ENZYME
CATALYST (MAKE IT EASY FOR THE REATION TO TAKE PLACE) IE:VITAMINS
ACTIVATION
IE: TO MAKE SALT WITH HEAT OR SHAKING
PEPTIDE BOND
WHEN 2 AMINO ACIDS COMBIND (DIPEPTIDE-2)(POLYPEPTIDE-MANY)