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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous system
Nerves outside of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
convey information from sensory organs to CNS and from CNS to muscles
Somatic Nervous System
controls vegetative functions (heart rate, respiration, intestines, etc.)
Autonomic Nervous System
controls functions that accompany arousal and expenditure of energy
Sympathetic Nervous System
controls functions that occur in a relaxed state
Parasympathetic Nervous System
imaginary line drawn down center of central nervous system
Neuraxis
Toward the back away from the stomach
Dorsal
Toward the stomach away from the back
Ventral
toward the Front end
Anterior
toward the rear end
Posterior
Above another part
Superior
Below another part
Inferior
toward the side away from the midline
Lateral
toward the midline, away from the side
Medial
on the same side of the body
Ipsilateral
on the opposite side of the body
Contralateral
plane that shows brain structures as seen from above
Horizontal Plane
a plane that shows brain structures as seen from the side
Sagittal Plane
a plane that shows brain structures as seen from the front
Transverse Plane
controls vital reflexes, regulates cardiovascular and respiration
Hindbrain:Medulla
axons going to spinal cord cross here, also implicated in sleep
Hindbrain:Pons
fine motor movements, coordination of movements
Hindbrain:Cerebellum
important route for sensory information (visual)
Midbrain: Superior Colliculus
important route for sensory information (auditory)
Midbrain: Inferior Colliculus
important component of motor system implicated in Parkison’s Disease
MidBrain:Substantia Nigra
sends information to cerebral cortex, especially sensory information
Forbrain: Thalamus
regulate autonomic nervous system, control pituitary gland and hormone release
Forbrain: Hypothalamus
involved in storage of new memories
Forbrain: Hippocampus
part of motor system, planning sequences of behavior, memory, emotional expression
Forbrain: Basil Ganglia
axons cross here (split brain)
Forbrain:cerebral cortex: Corpus Callosum
visual input and processing
Forbrain:cerebral cortex: Occipital Lobe
Sensory cortex and muscle and joint position
Forbrain:cerebral cortex: Parietal Lobe
process auditory information, speech, complex aspects of vision, movement, and recognition of faces
Forbrain:cerebral cortex:
Temporal Lobe
integrates information, involved in planning and remembering changing facts
Forbrain:cerebral cortex: Frontal Lobe