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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The force-velocity relationship implies which of the following?
None of the above
What is the anatomical name for the big toe?
Which of the following is an example of static situation?
Femoral valgus & tibial varus
Which of the following is/are characteristics of muscle fatigue?
All of the above (reduction-muscle force, reduction-shortening velocity, prolonged relaxation)
What is/are the purpose(s) of the patella?
All of the above
What type of muscle contraction is employed by the elbow flexors when slowly lowering your backpack to your desk?
Which type of muscle could serve as an antagonist of a flexor?
Which of the following inserts on the patella?
The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments limit which type of knee movement?
Both A & B (Knee hyperextension forward, Backward sliding of femur)
The humeroulnar, humeroradial, and proximal radioulnar joints are the three articulations present at which joint?
Which of the following is not true about the menisci in the knee joint?
All of the above (made of cartilage, larger surface area to distribute load, absorb shock)
During kicking and follow-through phases of a punt, the quads are experiencing what type of contraction?
The strong layer of fibrous tissue which covers the planter muscles of the foot is called what?
Plantar Fascia
Overuse of the wrist extensors can cause what?
All of the above
Which of the following does not characterize a pennate muscle?
All of the above are true
Pronation and Supination of the forearm occur a which of the following joints?
• Proximal Radioulnar
• Distal Radioulnar
Which of the following statements is/are true?
Both A & B are true (Pennate muscles are capable of producing more tension per unit of crossing-sectional area than parallel muscles)
The medial and lateral collateral ligaments limit which type of knee motion?
Lateral knee motion
19. The opposite muscular endurance is what?
• Muscular fatigability
20. Which of the following is not a rotator cuff muscle?
• Teres major
21. Which muscles originate distal to the wrist and insert distal to the wrist?
• Intrinsic
22. In human skeletal muscle, force generation capability is highest in which of the following conditions?
• Muscle is slightly lengthened
23. During the down phase of a knee extension exercise, what role does the hamstring group play?
• Antagonist
24. The hip joint is the articulation between the ________ and the_______.
• Femur & Accetabulum
25. The acromion process is a landmark on which bone?
• Scapula
26. Throwing injuries to the elbow usually fall into which category?
• Chronic
27. A single muscle cell is called what?
• Fiber
28. Which behavioral property of muscle tissue is defined as “the ability to respond to a stimulus?”
• Irritability
29. Which of the following is true regarding the stretch-shortening cycle?
• All of the above
30. Muscle hypertrophy in humans is primarily due to what?
• Increase in size of muscle fibers
31. Which of the following is true about the rotator cuff muscles?
• They work together to hold the head of the humerus in glenoid fossa
32. Which of the following causes hip abduction?
• All of the above (gluteus medius)
33. A muscle directly involved in causing a segment to move is called what?
• Agonist
34. Which of the following causes hip adduction?
• All of the above a.) adducter magnus b.) adductor longus c.) gracilis
35. Which of the following is a unique behavioral property of muscle tissue?
• Ability to develop tension
36. Which of the following most accurately describes a motor unit?
• A single motor neuron and all muscle fibers it innervates
37. The large range of movement of the thumb compared to that of the fingers is derived from the structure of which of the following?
• The thumb’s carpometacarpal joint
38. Which of the following statements is true?
• When movement is slow, slow twitch fibers are recruited first
39. Which of the following secretes synovial fluid to lesson the friction between soft tissues around joints?
• Bursae
40. When an opposing torque at a joint is greater than the torque created by a muscle, what type of contraction occurs in that muscle?
• Eccentric
41. Which of the following is not a hamstring muscle?
• Gluteus maximus
42. Metacarpophalangeal joints 2-5 are what type of joints?
• Condyloid
43. Which of the following time periods is termed electomechanical delay?
• The time required for the muscle to initiate the development of tension after receipt of the nerve impulse
44. Scapulohumeral rhythm involves of the scapula and of the humerous?
• Upward rotation, abduction
45. Which of the following statements is true regarding ACL injuries?
• Occur more frequently during non-contact
46. Which joint in the body has the most range of motion?
• Glenohumeral
47. Movement of the hand at the wrist toward the thumb side of the arm(frontal plane) is known as which of the following?
• Radial deviation
48. Runner’s knee is associated with which of the following structures?
• Iliotibial band
49. Which of the following does not bear weight?
• Fibula
50. Which of the following is true about carpal tunnel syndrome?
• It is a neurological impairment
• It is associated with repetitive keyboard use
51. Where is the series elastic component (SEC) of a muscle found?
• Tendons
52. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is likely associated with what?
• Weakness of vastus medialis relative to vastus lateralis
53. Which of the following statements represents the force-velocity relationship for muscle tissue?
• Contraction is slower when the load is heavier
54. Where is the weakest point of the femur?
• Neck
55. Which of the following is the most common of all knee injuries?
• Tear of the medial meniscus
56. What muscles are most often associated with little leaguer’s elbow?
• Wrist flexors
57. Which knee ligament is most likely to be damaged from a lateral blow?
• Medial collateral
58. Which of the following does not attach to the calcaneus?
• Sartorius
59. Lateral deviations in spinal curvature are called what?
• Scoliosis
60. Which part of the vertebrae bears the most weight?
• body
61. Which of the following vertebral regions has the best range of motion?
• Cervical
62. Which of the following are potential consequences of spiral fractures?
• Paralysis
• Death
63. The spinous processes of the thoracic vertebrae inhibit movement in which plane?
• sagittal
64. The most superior cervical vertebrae is called what?
• Atlas
65. Which statement is not true about the intervertebral discs?
• All of the above are true (act as cushions between the vertebrae, account for approximately ¼ of the height of the spine, are responsible for spinal movement due to compression)
66. Which of the following helps the spine absorb shock?
• All of the above (spinal curves, intervertebral discs)
67. The condition of exaggerated thoracic curvature is known as which of the following?
• Kphosis
68. Which vertebrae are the largest?
• Lumbar
69. Attachment to the ribs limits range of motion in which vertebrae?
• thoracic
70. What musculoskeletal problem causes the most absences from work?
Low back pain
71. Movement of the spine occurs in which plane(s)?
• All of the above (sagittal, frontal, transverse)
72. What is the most common type of vertebral fracture?
• Stress fracture of the pars interarticularis
73. What is the result when part of the nucleus pulposus of the disc protrudes and presses on a nerve?
• Herniated disc
74. Which of the following is an example of a static situation?
• A cyclist riding at a constant velocity
• A person balancing motionless on one foot
75. What injury can occur when the neck undergoes sudden acceleration and deceleration (such as in a car accident)?
• Whiplash
76. Which abdominal muscles cause rotation to the left?
• Left internal oblique
• Right external oblique
77. In which of the following activities does the biceps brachii function as antagonists?
• Straightening the elbow during a push-up
78. Which of the following term best describes the rate of torque production at the joint?
• Muscular power
79. In anatomical position, where is the center of gravity located relative to the spine?
80. Which of the following muscles serves to “unlock” the knee from full extension?
• popliteus
81. A contraction in which there is not a change in length is called what?
82. Which of the following is not true about lordosis?
• Can be caused by poor abdominal flexibility
83. Which of the following groups are vulnerable to carpal tunnel syndrome?
• Jobs requiring repeated forceful wrist flexion
• Jobs requiring habitual resting of the arms on the palmar sides of the wrist
84. Which of the following does not characterize a pinnate muscle?
• Fibrs parallel to long axis of muscle
85. Which of the following factors provides stability at the elbow?
• The articulating bones
• Ligaments
86. Symptoms of plantar fascitis include which of the following?
• Pain in the arch
• Pain in the heel
87. Which of the following muscles is not an elbow flexor?
• Triceps
88. Sprains occur in which type of tissue?
89. Which of the following is the most typical cause of ankle sprain?
• Forced inversion of the ankle during landing while the foot is plantar flexed
90. The torque of a muscle (rotary component) is greatest in what position?
• When the moment arm is longest
• When the muscle insertion is 90* to the bone
91. When the wrist is flexed, the finger flexors cannot produce as tight a fist as when the wrist is in a neutral position, this is an example of what?
• Active insufficiency
92. Astronauts who travel out of the earth’s gravitational field have experienced which of the following?
reduced strength
93. The elasticity of human skeletal muscle tissue is believed to be due primarily to which of the following?
• The series elastic component (SEC)
94. Which of the following is/are characteristics of fast-twitch oxidative glycolytic fibers?
• Fatique rate is intermediate (faster than type I, but slower than type IIB)
95. When the legs are not free to move, what action will result form contraction of the hip flexors?
• Anterior pelvic tilt