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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ROM
the extent of movement that occurs at a joint
Joint movement
ROM- active, passive, or a combination of both
AROM
Active range of motion
is the arc of motion through which the joint passes when voluntarily moved by muscles acting on the joint
PROM
Passive range of motion
is the arc of motion through which the joint passes when it is moved by an outside force
Normally PROM is slightly greater than...
AROM
ROM is measured by an instrument or toll known as....
Goniometer
Fucntional range of motion
descibes the minmum range of motion needes to execute performance in essntial areas of occupation without the use of special equipment
Planes of movement
Sagittal, Frontal, Horizontal
Goniometer
the tool most widly used to measure joint ROM in the clinical environment
Stationary bar
a small protractor (half circle) of 0 to 180 degress or a full corcle printed with a scale from 0 to 360 degress
Moveable bar
is attached at the center or axis of the protractor and acts as a dial
Sagittal plane
Flexion and extension occur in this anatomical plane around the coronal axis
Frontal plane
Abduction ans Adduction occur in this anatiomical plane around the anteroposterior axis
Horizontal plane
Shoulder internal rotation and external rotation occur in this anatomical plane
Types of Goniometers
Full circle
Radiopaque
Plastic
Finger
Plastic small
OT must have complete understanding of
1)the degree and type of motion that will occur at a specific joint

2)average or normal ROM

3)how to position herself and the patient during measurement