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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following describes the levels in life's hierarchy of organization in order from the smaller to the larger level?
A. organ system, tissue, molecular, cellular, organ, organism
B. organism, cellular, molecular, tissue, organ, organ system
C. tissue, organ, molecular, cellular, organism, organ system
D. molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
E. organism, molecular, tissue, organ, cellular, organ system
molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
A molecule of DNA represents which level in life's hierarchy of organization?

A. cellular
B. tissue
C. organ
D. organism
E. molecular
molecular
The ___ is the highest level in life's structural hierarchy.

A. ecosystem
B. cell
C. organism
D. population
E. molecule
ecosystem
A/an ___ is a tentative explanation that answers a/an ___ which was derived from ___.

A. control, question, testing
B. hypothesis, question, observation
C. question, hypothesis, prediction
D. observation, prediction, hypothesis
E. replicate, control, variable
hypothesis, question, observation
Deriving general principles from a large number of observations is:

A. inductive reasoning
B. deductive reasoning
C. hypothesis-driven science
D. "if . . . then" logic
E. all of the above
inductive reasoning
Deductive reasoning is used to:

A. test a prediction
B. make a general statement
C. make a prediction
D. develop a hypothesis
E. prove the validity of a hypothesis
make a prediction
Which of the following is the correct order of steps in the process of science?

A. hypothesis, prediction, observation, question, test
B. observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, test
C. prediction, hypothesis, test, observation, question
D. observation, prediction, test, question, hypothesis
E. prediction, test, question, observation, hypothesis
observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, test
The scientific method incorporates:
A. deductive reasoning
B. inductive reasoning
C. "if . . . then" logic
D. all of the above
E. only A and C are correct
only A and C are correct
a.deductive reasoning
c."if . . . then" logic
In a controlled experiment, the experimental test differs from the control test by:

A. a single variable
B. two variables
C. several variables
D. several hypotheses
E. a different conclusion
a single variable
Researchers testing new drugs usually give the drug to one group of people and give placebos (sugar pills) to another group. The group of people receiving the sugar pills:

A. is the control group
B. constitutes the experimental group
C. is needed so that the test will be repeated enough times
D. is a backup in case some of the people getting the drug drop out of the test
E. is the experimental variable
is the control group
A limitation of performing a controlled experiment in a laboratory is:

A. it is more difficult to control variables in a laboratory than in the field
B. experiments performed in the laboratory may yield results that are not reliable under field conditions
C. experiments done in the field have no manipulated variables
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
experiments performed in the laboratory may yield results that are not reliable under field conditions
What can the process of science do?
A. prove hypotheses
B. prove predictions
C. falsify or support hypotheses
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
falsify or support hypotheses
Which of the following questions cannot be answered by the process of science?

A. What is the function of the appendix in human beings?
B. What factors contribute to heart disease?
C. What is the biochemical basis of memory?
D. Is there a higher power that links all living things?
E. How do predators detect prey in conditions of darkness?
Is there a higher power that links all living things?
Which of the following is a characteristic of eukaryotic organisms?

A. their cells lack a nucleus
B. they can be either single or multi-celled organisms
C. their cells do not contain organelles
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
they can be either single or multi-celled organisms
All organisms in the Domains Archaea and Bacteria are:

A. prokaryotes
B. eukaryotes
C. multicellular
D. capable of photosynthesis
E. all of the above
prokaryotes