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60 Cards in this Set

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Renaissance
*marked w/ the invention of printing press;
*which allowed for a wider distribution of scientific information.
Middle East/ Arab World
*Came up with a classification system that they still use today, but is very complicated
*Came up with a lot of medicinal drugs from plants
*one of first to use Sulfur
*First to associate disease and hygeine (clean=healthy)
Robert Hooke
*Coined the term "cell"
*First to see cells
Francisco Redi
Began to disprove Abiogenesis
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
*Described the 3 basic shapes of bacteria
* "Father of Microbiology"
Carl Von Linne
*Came up with current day classification system
*Came up with Binomial name
*Carolus Linnaeus
Edward Jenner
Discover vaccine for smallpox
Jean Lamarck
One of more recent guys to contribute to evolution theory
Theodor Schwann
Matthias Schleiden
*Did not work together at first
*First to observed cell mitosis
Charles Darwin
*Scientific officer aboard HMS Beagle
*Wrote "Origin of Species"- compiled of theories
Rudolph Virchow
confirmed Schwann and Schleiden
Jonas Salk
Came up with injectable polio vaccine
Christiaan Barnard
First to perform heart transplant
Ian Wilmut
Cloned Dolly the sheep
Linus Pauling
Discovered that some diseases are created by a mutated cell
Louis Pasture
*worked in a refinery
*wine-Aerobic; vinegar-Anaerobic
*Pasteurization
*Discoverd the cure for Rabies and many more diseases
Ignaz Semmelweis
First doctor to propose clean hospital settings
Greggor Mendel
Genetic experiments with plants
Barbara McClinock
Discovered jumping genes in corn which led to genetic Cancer Research in humans
James Watson
Nobel prize for discovering structure of DNA
Francis Crick
Nobel prize for discovering structure of DNA
Maurice Wilkins
Nobel prize for discovering structure of DNA
Rosalind Franklin
Died before she could get the Nobel prize, but helped to discover structure of DNA
Walter Reed
Discovered that some diseases are transmitted by mosquitos/ insects (yellow fever)
Fredrick Banting
Charles Best
*worked together
*Discovered insulin
*Isolated insulin
Germans
*Big war weapons
*Best good surgeons
*Came up with antibiotics, mainly Sulfa
*human genetic experiments with genocide
Alexander Fleming
Got Nobel prize for discovering Pennicillin
Joseph Lister
*Created disinfectant
*proposed cleaner conditions for table, and area around patient
Chinese
*First to come out of Pre-history
*Invented paper
*Domesticated plants and animals (silk worm)
*First to use pesticides
Indians
*Specialized in domesticating plants (millet, dates, melon, & cotton)
*Studied Human anatomy and physiology
Howard Florey
Ernest Chain
Received Nobel prize for
*rediscovering and purifying and mass producing Pennicillin
Egyptian
*obsessed with death
*Studied plants for imbalming purposes, came up with a lot of medicinal plants
*First to use birth control, oral, IUD, and condoms found in/on mummies)
Babylonian
Figured out how plants reproduce, worked mainly with palm trees
Greeks
*Aristotle came up with first classification system: air, land, & sea
*A lot asexual reproductive studies
*believed in Abiogenesis
Romans
*Very good doctors and human anatomists
*Could reattach body parts
*VERY advanced medical practices
Leonardo of Vinci
*Good at anything he tried
*Did a lot human anatomy dissection
William Harvey
*Discovered that blood circulates within the body
*mainly dissected criminals
Pre-historic Man
*Knowledge of plants (which to eat, which not to eat)
*Knowledge of medicinal plants
*Domesticated many animals and plants
*Development of which led to agricultural systems
Botany
study of plants
zoology
study of animals
physiology
study of fuction
anatomy
study of structure
biochemistry
use of chemicals with living organisms
pathology
study of diseases
taxonomy
study of classification
Ecology
study of how organisms survive in its environment
microbiology
study of small life/ microscopic organisms
bacteriology
study of bacteria
virlogy
study of virus
immunology
study of immune system
cytology
study of cells
paleontology
study of fossils
mammalogy
study of mammals
ornithology
study of birds
herpetology
study of reptiles & amphibians
ichthyology

entomology
study of fish

study of insects
Oncology
study of cancer
mycology
study of fungus
genetics
study of inheritance/ passing of genes/ DNA
Biometrics
appication of mathematics to biology