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19 Cards in this Set

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process by which organisms use light energy to produce organic compounds
photosynthesis
organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic substances
autotroph
organism that must get energy from food sources
heterotroph
process by which living organisms harvest the energy in food molecules
cellular respiration
molecule that absorbs certain wavelengths of light
pigment
pigment responsible for trapping light energy in photosynthesis
chlorophyll
yellow and orange plant pigments that aid in photosynthesis
carotenoid
internal membrane bound sac of a chloroplast
thylakoid
series of molecules through which electrons are passed to make ATP
electron transport chain
electron carrier that provides high-energy electrons for photosynthesis
NADPH
process by which carbon dioxide is incorporated into organic compounds
carbon dioxide fixation
common method of carbon dioxide fixation in photosynthesis
calvin cycle
term for processes that require oxygen
aerobic
term for processes that do not require oxygen
anaerobic
biochemical pathway that breaks down glucose to pyruvate
glycolysis
electron carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
NADH
cyclic biochemical pathway of cellular respiration that uses carbon dioxide and produces ATP, NADH, and FADH2
krebs cycle
electron carrier produced during the Krebs cycle
FADH2
anaerobic process of cellular respiration that recycles NAD¬¬+ needed to continue glycolysis
fermentation