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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Means "same condition"; keeps the cell's condition stable
HOMEOSTASIS
Molecules move until the are equal, dynamic means moving
DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM
The movement of molecules from where there are a lot to where there are a few or none
DIFFUSION
When molecules move from where there are a lot to where there are few on none WITHOUT using energy
PASSIVE TRANSPORT
can go through
PERMEABLE
can't go through
IMPERMEABLE
Allows some things to go through and keeps other things from going through
SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE
The movement of water across a membrane from where there is a lot to where there is less or none
OSMOSIS
When a plant loses water and wilts
PLASMOLYSIS
When a plant swells up because it has soaked up a lot of water
TURGOR PRESSURE
Sugar that the body uses for energy, carried by the blood to all the cells
GLUCOSE
When molecules are made to move from where there are a few to where there is more; this requires energy to be used
ACTIVE TRANSPORT
When materials enter a cell
ENDOCYTOSIS
When materials exit a cell
EXOCYTOSIS
is made of stored energy, when a bond is broken, energy is released
BOND
short hairs that are used to move cells
CILIA
breaking down food to release energy
DIGEST - DIGESTION
compounds that help a reaction occur, like digesting a piece of food
ENZYMES
green, contain chlorphyll, used to make food for the plant
CHLOROPLAST
surrounds a plant cell to support it
CELL WALL
surrounds the vacuole to protect it and allows things to go in and out
VACUOLAR MEMBRANE
holds stuff for the cell; can hold food, water, and waste
VACUOLE
same as genes or chromosomes
DNA
surrounds the nucleus to protect it and allow things to go in and out
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
control center of the cell, has DNA
NUCLEUS
long, whip-like tail structure that propels some protists through the water
FLAGELLA
powerhouses of the cell, where energy is produced for the cell
MITOCHONDRIA
flat sacS, take the proteins from the ribosomes and puts them together correctly so the cell can use them
GOLGI BODIES
round, attached to endoplasmic reticulum, reads the message from the DNA and makes proteins
RIBOSOME
means "inside jelly maze", acts like a tube to take things around the cell, sort of like the cell highwary
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
a stack of genes put together; also called DNA
CHROMOSOMES
control center of the cell, has DNA
NUCLEUS
jelly-like stuff in a cell
CYTOPLASM
surrounds a cell to protect it and allows things to go in and out (homeostasis)
CELL MEMBRANE
mulitcellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic, no cell wall
ANIMAL (CELL)
multicellular, autotrophic, eukaryotic, with a cell wall
PLANT (CELL)