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48 Cards in this Set

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cervix
the outer end of the uterus (is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina)
nephron
small independent blood-filtering unit in the renal cortex of the kidney
gametes
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
vas deferens
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
Fallopian Tube
one of two fluid-filled tubes in human females through which an egg passes after its release from an ovary
seminal vesicle
or the prostate in males
gastrulation
process of cell migration by which a third layer of cells is formed within the cavity of a blastocyst
spinal cord
in nervous system, the major nerve pathway to and from the brain
fetus
name given to a human embryo after eight weeks of development
amnion
is the fluid-filled sac that surrounds and cushions the developing embryo (protected, watery environment)
ureter
tube that carries urine form the kidney to the urinary bladder
uterus
organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg can develop
placenta
organ in @@@ mammals through which nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and wastes are exchanged between embryo and mother
umbilical cord
this connect the fetus to the placenta
follicles
cluster of cells surrounding a single egg in the human female reproductive system
ova
or egg produced by females
Pituitary gland
in endocrine, this produces hormones that regulate many of the other endocrine gland
gonads
in reproductive, it’s the body’s reproductive glands
urea
is a waste product formed in the liver during the metabolic breakdown of proteins.(The body does not use it, and so the kidney's aim is to remove)
implantation
process in which a blastocyst attaches itself to the wall of the uterus
dendrites
in nervous system, they carry impulses from the environment or from other neurons toward the cell body
meiosis
process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
cerebellum
part of the brain that coordinates and balances the actions of the muscles so that the body can move gracefully and efficiently (2nd largest part of brain)
motor neuron
in nervous system, carry impulses from the brain and the spinal cord to muscles and glands
filtration
process by which fluid from the blood filters into Bowman’s capsule in the kidneys
central nervous system
in nervous system, this relays messages, processes information, and analyzes information
impulse
means by which information is transmitted along the neuron and throughout the nervous system., begins in the middle of an axon and proceeds simultaneously towards the cell body and the periphery.( The signal that travels along the length of a nerve fiber and ends in the release of neurotransmitters.)
urethra
tube through which urine and semen are released from the body
peripheral nervous system
in nervous system, this lies outside the central nervous system, Its consists of all of the nerves and associated cells that are not part of the brain and spinal cord (2 types are sensory and motor)
synapse
in nervous system, is the location at which a neuron can transfer an impulse to another cell
medulla oblongata
in nervous system, it is the area of the brain that controls the functioning of many internal organs
Axon
in nervous system, the long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body
puberty
period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the reproductive system becomes fully functional
filtrate
Fluid formed in a Bowman's capsule from blood plasma by the process of filtration in the renal corpuscle
female gonads (ovaries)
in endocrine, this produces estrogen and progesterone. This is required for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and for the development of eggs.
cortex (renal)
the outer part of the kidney (between the renal capsule and the renal medulla.)
renal artery
where waste-laden blood enters the kidney
interneuron
in nervous system, connect sensory and motor neurons and carry impulses between them
sensory neuron
in nervous system, this carry impulses from the sense organs to the spinal cord and brain
urination
disposing urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.( usually under voluntary control.)
urine
is produced in the kidneys , and stored in the bladder. and excreted through the urethra. (helps to maintain the balance of minerals and other substances in the body.) (In addition, it is the result of a mechanism that maintains the appropriate amount of water in the body.
male gonads (testicles)
in endocrine, its produces testosterone, which is responsible for sperm production and the development and the development of male secondary sex characteristics
urethra
tube through which urine and semen are released from the body
Pancreas
in endocrine, this produces insulin and glucagons which regulate the level of glucose in the blood
kidneys
organ that removes urea, excess water and other waste products from the blood and passes them to the urethra
thyroid gland
in endocrine, this produces thyroxine, which regulates metabolism.
adrenal glands
in endocrine, it releases epinephrine which help the body to deal with stress.
urinary bladder
is a saclike organ where urine is stored before being excreted