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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How can drugs affect levels of neurotransmitters between neurons?
Drugs can increase or decrease the amount of neurotransmitters found between neurons.
In what ways can drugs be used to treat a cardiovascular problem?
Drugs are used to normalize an irregular heartbeat, increase the heart’s pumping capacity, or enlarge small blood vessels
Identify the different classes of drugs. Give an example of each class.
Stimulants: cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, and nicotine; Depressants: alcohol and barbiturates; Narcotics: opiates; Hallucinogens: LSD
How does nicotine affect the body?
Nicotine will stimulate the central nervous system, causing an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate, and stomach acid secretion
Form a hypothesis as to how a person develops tolerance to a drug.
A person develops tolerance by using a drug too often. After a while the person needs more and more to feel the same sensation
Distinguish between stimulants and depressants, comparing their effects on the body.
Stimulants increase the activity of the central and sympathetic nervous systems. Depressants decrease the activity of the central nervous system and increase activity of the parasympathetic nervous system.
chemical substance that affects body functions
type of pain-relief drug that affects the central nervous system
drug that increases the activity of the central and sympathetic nervous systems
type of drug that lowers or depresses the activity of the nervous system
psychological and/or physiological drug dependence
as the body becomes less responsive to a drug and an individual needs larger or more frequent doses of the drug to achieve the same effect
psychological response or physiological illness that occurs when a person stops taking a drug
drug that stimulates the central nervous system so that the user becomes disoriented and sees, hears, feels, tastes, or smells things that are not there