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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
inorganic substances that are important for chemical reactions or as building materials in the body.
organic nutrients required in small amounts to maintain growth and metabolism; are either fat-soluble or fat-insoluble vitamins.
unit of heat used to measure the energy content of food, each Calorie represents a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories; a calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 mL of water by 1°C.
Compare the functions of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body.
carbohydrates: sources of energy and are used for structure; fats: energy storage; proteins: structure, such as muscle, and also make up enzymes, antibodies, and many hormones
Describe the role of the liver in the storage of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
The liver stores glucose subunits and fatty acids in the form of glycogen. The liver can convert amino acids to fats or glucose to be used for energy.
Compare and contrast vitamins and minerals. Which vitamins and minerals can be found in milk?
vitamins: organic nutrients required in small amounts to maintain growth and metabolism; minerals: inorganic substances used as building materials or in a chemical reaction in the body; vitamins D, E, B1, and B12; pantothenic acid, iodine, calcium, phosphorus
What happens when a person takes in more food energy than his or her body needs?
When a person takes in more food energy than needed, the food energy will be stored as fat.
Describe two effects dehydration can have on homeostasis of the body.
Water is needed for oxygen and nutrients to enter cells and to maintain body temperature
Analyze how a lack of vitamins A, D, K, and C in a person's diet could affect his or her health.
Lack of Vitamin A, D, K, and C would cause problems with epithelial cells, vision, bones and teeth, blood clotting, wound healing, and protein metabolism.