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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are 3 characteristics of plantae bryophyta?
rhizoids, spores, and 3 cm tall
The kingdoms of Archeobacteria are...
methonogens, extreme haolophiles, and thermoacidophiles
the three basic shapes of eubacteria are...
bacilli, spirilla, and cocci
gram positive includes both...
gram positive and gram negative bacteria
the phyla of eubacteria are...
cyanobacteria spirochetes, gram positive bacteria and proteobacteria
viruses are non-living because they don't have...
the 3 of the six signs of life
two essential features of viruses are...
nucleic acid and protein coat
the three types of viruses are...
RNA, DNA, and retrovirus
Protista lack cell _________
differentiation
Protozoa reproduce by going through ____ and _____
mitosis and conjugation
4 types of protozoa are...
sarcokina, celophora, zoomastigina, and sporozoa
2 kinds of protista are...
algae and protozoa
the phyla for algae are...
chlorophyta, paeophyta, dinoglagellata, and chysophyta
all algae have a ____ and _______
thallus and chlorophyll a
linneaus classified organism based on similarities of their what?
morphology
what is the branch of biology that groups and names organisms according to their characteristicas and evolutionary history?
taxonomy
what is a graph or timeline showing evolutionary relationships between different organisms?
phylogenic, phylogenetic tree, and evolutionary tree
what things are used to determine the relationships in an evolutionary tree?
fossils, morphology, embryological patterns, and chromosomes
a bat wing and butterfly wing is ___
analogous
a bat wing and a human arm is ___
homologous
the seven levels of classification in order are what?
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
what are the 6 characteristics of mammals
fourchambered heart and milk, single jawbone and specialized teeth, and endothermy and live birth
carnivora is the order for which animal?
cats
cetacea is the order for which animal?
whales
chiroptera is the order for which animal?
bats
what are the 4 characteristics of birds
most advanced respiratory system of the animalia kingdom, hollow bones and feathers, and beak and oviparity
strigiformes is the order for which bird?
owls
crocodilla is the order for which reptile?
crocodiles
squamata is the order for which reptiles?
snakes
what characteristics do all amphibians have in common
no gills
chelonea is the order for what reptile?
turtles
ciconeformes is the order for what bird?
storks
piciformes is the order for what bird?
woodpeckers
what is the scientific name for the order of a toad?
anura
what is the scientific name for the order of a salamander?
urodela
what is the scientific name for the order of a cecelian?
apoda
which class has placoid scales?
chodrichtyes
which fish is jaw-less?
agnatha
what fish is agnatha
hagfishes
what kind of fish has a lung and a gill?
lobe-finned fishes
which type of hypae is separated into compartments?
sepate hypae
bread mold is an example of which kind of fungi?
zygomycota
mushrooms are an example of which kind of fungi?
basidiomycota
yeast is an example of which kind of fungi?
ascomycota
what are three characteristics of plantae bryophyta?
they use rhizoid to anchor to the ground, they have spores, and they are usually less than three cm tall
vascular plants can be divided into what two categories?
seedless and seeds
what are three characteristics of monocots?
one cotyledon, parllel venation, and flowers that occur in 3's
what are three characteristics of dicots?
two cotyledon, net venation, and flowers that occur in 4's or 5's
what is an examples of specialized plant cells?
parenchyma
what are the three types of roots?
taproot, fibrous root, and adventitious root
what are the functions of a stem?
support leaves, transportation, and storage of nutrients
what is a growth point in a plant?
meristem
what is the main function of a leaf?
photosynthesis
what is the female part of a moss and a fern called?
archegonium
what is the female part of a conifer called?
female cone
what is the female part of a flower called?
pistil
what subphylum of chordata are invertebrates?
cephalochordata and urochordata
what structures are found in echinoderms?
spines, ring canal, tube feet, and water vascular system
what is the scientific name of the phyla of sea urchins?
echinoikedea
what is the name of the phyla for sea cucumbers?
holothuroidea
the phyla for sea stars is
asteroidea
_____ is the same in all direction and ____ has a head
radial symmetry and cephalization
what are the characteristics of the phyum arthropod?
body segments, exoskeleton, cephalization, antannae, and compound eye
what are the subphylums of arthropods?
crustacea, uniramia, and chelicerata
in the class arachnids, what are the names of the six pairs of appendages?
chelicerae, pedipalps, and walking legs
when the trigger on an enidocyte is hit, what comes out and stings you?
nematocyst
porifera are what? (hint: pore ifera)
sessile and commonly called sponges
what is the name of the class for sea anemones?
anthozoa
what is the name of the class for jelly fish
scyphozoa
what is the name of the class for portuguese man of war?
hydroza