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167 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Variation that exists in the natural world at all levels of biological organization is called
BioDiversity
Approx. How many species of organisms have been described and named?
1.4-5 Million
We have named and identified approx. what % of the species on Earth?
Only a small fraction.
Most species remain _______________.
Undiscovered
Where would we expect to find a lot of unnamed species?
Ocean and Rainforest
The naming and classifying of organisms is called __________.
Taxonomy
A person that studies naming and classification is called a ______.
Taxonomist
How many systems of classification are satisfactory with everyone?
0
Who gave us our system of classification?
Linnaeus
What system of nomenclature do we currently use?
Binomial
11. Every organism must have how many names?
2
The name of every organism must include ________________.
Genus and Species
Which part of a scientific name should never be used alone?
Species
The scientific name of an organism must be ____________.
Underlined or Italicized
The first letter of the genus name must be __________.
Capitalized
The first letter of the species name is ___________.
Lowercase.
Which part of a scientific name can be abbreviated?
Genus.
Before genus name can be abbreviated, it must be first ______________.
Written out.
An organism can have how many common names?
Any number.
An organism can have how many scientific names?
Only 1.
Which type of name is not very useful as locations change?
Common name.
How many major categories of classification do we use?
7
What is the highest level of classification in our system?
Kingdom.
In plants, a kingdom is divided into _________.
Divisions.
In animals, a kingdom is divided into________.
Phyla.
A division is divided into _____.
Classes.
Classes are divided into _____.
Orders.
An order is divided into ______.
Families.
Families are divided into ______.
Genera.
A Genus is divided into _____.
Species.
What is the only natural part of the system of classification?
Species.
Which is the only part of the system of classification where organisms can inner breed?
Species.
Species may be divided into _______.
Varieties or Cultivars.
Which kingdom do humans belong to?
Animalia.
Which phylum do humans belong to?
Chordata.
Which class do humans belong to?
Mamalia.
Which order do humans belong to?
Primates.
Which family do humans belong to?
Hominidae.
Which genus do humans belong to?
Homo.
What does homo mean?
Man.
Which species does man belong to?
Homosapiens.
What does Sapiens mean?
Thinking
How many kingdoms did we have at the time of Linnaeus?
3
Which of the following was the kingdom at the time of Linnaeus?
Mineral.
How many kingdoms do we currently recognize?
5
Bacteria belong to which kingdom?
Monera.
Monera are all ________.
Prokaryotic.
Monera are identified by their unique _________.
Cellular Organization.
Monera organisms have how many cells in their body?
1
Protista are _______.
Eukaryotic.
Organisms that can manufacture their own food are called _______.
Autotrophs.
Organisms that cannot manufacture their own food are called ______.
Heterotrophs.
Algae belong to which kingdom?
Protista.
Fungi, animals, and plants are classified based on their mode of _______.
Nutrition.
How do fungi get their food?
Absorb it.
What do fungi secrete to break down food?
Enzymes.
Fungi are called ______.
Decomposers.
Bread mold, yeast, and mushrooms are all _______.
Decomposers.
Which kingdom manufactures organic molecules by __________.
Photosynthesis.
Plants are called ________.
Producers.
Plants are called ________.
Autotrophs.
Which groups of organisms ingests their food and then digest it?
Animals.
Plants belong to which kingdom?
Plantae.
Animals belong to which kingdom?
Animalia.
Fungi belong to which kingdom?
Fungi kingdom.
Animals are called _______.
Consumers.
Taxonomists that recognize 6 kingdoms divide which kingdom into 2 parts.
Monera.
True bacteria are called ________.
Eubacteria.
69. The beginning bacteria are called ________.
Archae bacteria.
Which group of organisms lives in scalding water near volcanic vents?
Archae bacteria.
Archae bacteria are able to survive temperatures up to ______.
212 F.
Which group of organisms has genes that have never been seen before?
Archae bacteria.
Some of the genes in Archae bacteria resemble the genes found in _______.
Humans.
It’s thought that some Eukaryotic species and multicellular life developed from which organisms?
Archae bacteria.
Some people propose using how many domains to classify organisms?
3
Which of the following are considered by some to be domains?
Bacteria, Archae, Eukaria. (All of the above)
Which of the following characteristics may be used in classification?
Structural, Biochemical, genes, (all of the above), None of the Above.
What may be used for classification?
Fossil Evidence.
Stages in the life cycle of an organism may be used for what?
Classification.
Patterns in embryonic development may be used in __________.
Classification.
How many years have plants occupied the surface of the earth?
300 million.
Plants have evolved from ________.
Green Algae
Plants and green Algae store food as _______.
Starch
Plants and green algae store their food in structures called _________.
Plastids.
All plants have a well defined ______.
Alternation of Generations
Any structure containing spores is called a _______.
Sporangium.
Any structure containing gametes is called a ________.
Gametangium.
A female gametangium is called a _________.
Archegonium.
An archegonium produces what?
Egg
A male gametangium is called a __________.
Antheridium.
Antheridium produces what?
Sperm
Which organisms produce Antheridia and Archegonia?
Liver warts, Mosses, ferns, (All of the Above), None of the above.
Liver warts and mosses are called what?
Bryophytes.
Bryophytes have no true ________.
Leaves
Which part of the life cycle of a bryophyte is dominant?
Gameteophyte.
In the life cycle of a bryophyte, which is smallest?
Sporephyte.
Bryophytes have no ________.
Vascular tissue.
Vascular plants are called ______.
Tracheophytes
Tracheophytes must produce ________.
Xylem and Phloem.
Xylum tissue conducts what?
Water.
Phloem tissue conducts what?
Food.
Which group of plants does not produce seeds?
Ferns.
Angio sperms and Gymnosperms must produce what?
Seeds.
Which group of plants produce unprotected or naked seeds?
Gymnosperms.
Pines or Conifers belong to which group?
Gymnosperms.
How many different types of cones does a pine tree produce?
2
The angiosperms belong to the group ________.
Anthophyta.
Anthophyta includes which group of plants?
Flowering plants.
Which group of plants produces enclosed or protected seeds?
Angiosperms.
Which group of plants produce flowers, fruits, and seeds?
Angiosperms.
In the angiosperms, the seed is produced in and protected by the ________.
Fruit.
Angiosperms are made up of how many classes?
2
Wheat, rice, and corn are all _______.
Monocots.
Which class of plants has parallel veined leaves?
Monocots.
Parallel veined leaves are characteristic of which class plants?
Monocots.
Beans and Squash are examples of which class of plants?
Dicots.
Which type of venation do dicots have?
Pinnate or palmate.
What do we call embryonic seed leaves?
Catyledons.
When you eat red beans, what are you eating primarily?
Catyledons.
Any sexual life cycle must contain how many different kinds of plants?
2
What must each sexual life cycle contain?
Sporephyte, Gametophyte.
Which 2 processes must occur in every sexual life cycle?
Meosis and Fertilization.
What is the N number of a sporephyte?
2N
What is the N number of a gametophyte?
1N
A megaspore mother cell produces what?
Megaspores.
A microspore mother cell produces what?
Microspores.
A spore mother cell produces what?
Spores.
What is the result of the union of an egg and a sperm?
Zygote.
A sporephyte may reproduce _______.
Asexually.
A gametophyte may reproduce _______.
Asexually.
What is the N number of a microspore mother cell?
2N
What is the N number of a megaspore mother cell?
2N
What is the N number of a spore mother cell?
2N
How many microspores would a microspore mother cell produce?
4
How many spores would a megaspore mother cell produce?
4
How many spores would a spore mother cell produce?
4
A microspore develops into what?
Male Gametophyte
A megaspore develops into what?
Female Gametophyte.
A spore from a microspore mother cell develops into a what?
Gametophyte.
Considering evolutionary trends, what happens to the size of the gametophyte as you go from primitive to advanced plants?
Gets smaller.
Considering evolutionary trends, what happens to the size of the sporephyte as you go from primitive to advanced?
Gets larger
Considering evolutionary trends, what happens to the size of the gametophyte as you go from advanced plants to primitive plants?
Gets larger.
Considering evolutionary trends, what happens to the size of the sporephyte as you go from advanced plants to primitive plants?
Gets smaller.
What is the approx. size of the gametophyte in a flowering plant?
Single cell.
What is the approx. size of the sporephyte in the algae?
Single cell.
If evolution continues as it has in the past, What might disappear in the flowering plants?
Gametophyte.
Fungi are called what?
Decomposers.
Fungi belong to which kingdom?
Fungi Kingdom
Fungi may attack which body parts?
Any.
The most deadly fungi belong to which genus?
Amanita.
The common canned edible mushroom belongs to which genus?
Agaricus
What’s the only way to tell whether an unfamiliar mushroom is poisonous or edible?
Eat it.
Which mushrooms are edible when young and poisonous when old?
Puffball or corn smut balls.
What is not a symptom of mushroom poisoning?
Losing a tooth, going blind, having an earache.
What is a symptom of mushroom poisoning?
Coma, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea, (all of the above).
What color is the most deadly mushroom?
White.
What color is the commercial mushroom?
White.
On which substrate are mushrooms grown commercially?
Horse manure.
The toxin from a mushroom may be passed from one individual to another by _________.
Urine
How long does it take for a person to die from a poisonous mushroom?
A few hours, (Days).
In addition to the regular officers, a mushroom club generally has a ________.
Taster.
Which mushroom is hunted for spores in the mid-west?
Morel.
Mushrooms that grow underground and are hunted with dogs and pigs are called what?
Truffels.
What is the minimum time it would take for a person to show a reaction from mushroom poisoning?
1-2 minutes.
Commercial or canned mushrooms may cause what?
Headaches, sniffles, loss of consciousness, vomiting, and (all of the above).
Wild mushrooms may cause what?
Brain disorders, hallucinations, blurred vision, death, (all of the above).
What’s the difference between a mushroom and a toadstool?
Nothing.