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20 Cards in this Set

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Carbohydrates
compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Monosaccharide
simplest carbs or the simplest sugars
Dehydration synthesis
the process that sugar molecules can be bonded together
Disaccharide
molecule formed by joining two simple sugars
Polysaccharides
several simple sugars are joined by dehydration synthesis
Lipids
include the substance commonly called fats, oils, & waxes
Polymers
large molecules consisting of chains of repeating units
Starch
organism store excess sugar in the form of polysaccharides
Hydrolysis
disaccharides and polysaccharides may be broken apart
Fatty acid
molecule has two parts: a chain of carbon atoms to which hydrogen atoms are bonded
Carboxyl group
the group consists of 1 carbon atom that is bonded to 1 oxygen atom by a double bond and to an Oh group.
Saturated fats
fats that are formed from fatty acids with single carbon to-carbon bonds
Unsaturated fats
one or more pairs of carbon atoms in the fatty acid molecules are joined together by a double bond or even a triple bond.
Nucleic acids
compounds that contain phosphorus and nitrogen in addition to carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
RNA
ribonucleic acid
Nucleotides
The DNA molecules is a long chain of repeating units.
Amino acids
the structural units of proteins.
Peptide bond
Bond between two amino acids
Polypeptide
long chain of amino acids
Enzymes
proteins substances that are necessary for most of the chemical reactions occur in living cells.