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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A Scientific theory is ____.
a widely acceptable generalization about a fundamental concept in science that explains why things happen
Deductive reasoning is______.
a type of reasoning that uses general principles to explain specific observations
Inductive reasoning is______.
a type of reaoning that begins with many specific observations and tries to develop a general principle that explains them.
Biology is ________.
the scientific study of living things.
A hypothesis is ____.
a potntial explanation for an observation. It leads to predictions that can be tested, often by performing an experiment.
Biologists categorize all living things based on related characteristics into six large groups called____.
Kingdoms
Properties that arise from the way simpler components interact to form more complex systems are called _____prperties. Metabolism is an example of this type of property.
Emergent
The theory of _____states that the genes of an organism are inherited as discrete units.
Heredity
The theory of_____explains the diversity of life on earth stating that natural selection produces many different organisms adapted to the many diverse enviroments on earth.
Evolution
The process of using the senses or extnsions of the senses to gather and record information about the natural world is called_____.
Observation
These atomic particles are located outside the nucleus, have mass of 1/1836 AMU, and have a negative charge.
Electrons
These are forces that combine atoms or ions and hold then together.
Chemical bonds
These are the fundamental units of matter. They are the smallest particle of an element that has the prperties of that element.
Atoms
These atomic particles are located in the nuclues, have a mass of 1 AMU, and have a positive charge.
Proton
These sutbstances are the basic building blocks of matter. They are made of one type of atom. They cannot be broken down into simpler substances through chemical reactions.
Elements
These are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons, and therefore different mass numbers.
isotopes
This is the formation or rearrangement of chemical bonds that occurs when a attoms or molecules interact with each other to form new combinations.
Chemical reation
These paricles are composed of atoms joined by chemical bonds. Water is made of paricles of this type.
Molecules
By denfinition, the atomic number of an element is the number of these particles in the nuclues of an atom of that element.
Protons