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29 Cards in this Set

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Clade Crecazoa
Many Amoebas

Chlorarachniophytes

Foraminiferans
-have shells called tests
Clade Radiolaria
tests made of silica
Clade Amoebozoa
amoebas

Gymnamoebas
Entamoebas
Slime Molds
Clade Red Algae
phycoerythrin
heterotrophic
multicellular
sea weeds
Clade Green Algae
chlorophytes
-together with fungi make up lichens

Charaphyceans
-related to land plants
Fungal importance
decomposers
symbiotic with plants
pathogens
commercial products
What is a fungus?
external digestion
prominent haploid
eukaryotic
Body Structure
hyphae
used for absorption
mycellium is whole fungus
cell wall made of chitin
Hyphae types
septate hyphae

coenocytic hyphae
Specialized Hyphae
trapping prey
penetrating cells
plant roots
Fungal reproduction
Asexual + sexual
Evolutionary Origin of Fungi
closely related to animals

evolved from unicellular flagellated protist
chytrid fungi
Phylum Chytridoiomycota
saprobes and parasites
early divergence from other fungi
Phylum Zygomycota
zygosporangium
Phylum Glomeromycetes
arbuscular mycorrhizae

90% of plants have symbiotic relations
Phylum Ascomycota
possess acus
asci contained in ascocarp
saprobes and pathogens
Phylum Basidiomycota
club fungi
includes mushrooms, shelf fungi, molds, mycorrhizae, rusts, and smuts
Role of Fungi
Decomposition
Lichens
Mycorrhizae
Antibiotics
Parasites
major groups of eukaryotes
protista
fungi
land plants
animals
Evolutionary Origin of Land Plants
evolved from green algae

common ancestor with Charophyceans
key characteristics in common with charsophyceans
1. rosette cellulose-synthesizing complex
2. Peroxisome Enzymes
3. Structure of Flagellated Sperm
4. Formation of Phragmoplast
5. Genetic Evidence
Key Traits of Land Plants (present in land plants, absent in charophyceans)
.apical meristem
.alternation of generations
.walled spores produced in sporangium
.multicellular gametangia + embryos
Diversity Within the Land Plants
Vascular and nonvascular
Bryophytes
nonvascular

mainly haploid

liverworts
hornworts
mosses
Seedless Vascular Plants
Phylum Lycophyta
club mosses, spike mosses, and quillworts

Phylum Pterophytes
ferns, horsetails, whisk ferns, and relatives
Advantages of Seeds
protect embryo
multicellular
may remain dormant
carries own food supply
Gymnosperms
seeds not enclosed in ovaries
conifers
600 species (about)
Angiosperms
flowering plants, most diverse
Phylum Anthophyta
Flower Whorls
CARPELS
STAMENS
PETALS
SEPALS