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15 Cards in this Set

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organic molecule
a carbon based molecule.
inorganic molecule
a molecule without carbon in it
hydrocarbon
an organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
functional group
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts with other molecules in a predictable way
hydroxyl group
OH
carbonyl group
C=O
Carboxyl Group
HO-C=O
amino group
H-N-H
hydrophillic
literally means "water loving". attracted to water.
monomers
small molecular units that make up biomolecules
polymers
long chains of monomers
dehydration reaction
when a monomer is added to a chain, and a water molecule is relsased. there is always one water molecule dropped per bond so if you know that there are 30 monomers, then 29 waters were dropped.
carbohydrate
organic compound made of sugar molecules. sugar. the formula is C6H12O6
monosaccharides
sugars contaning one sugar unit. Glucose, Fructose, Galactose.
disaccharides
double sugar. a combonation of two monosaccharides. Sucrose and Maltose