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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the pH of water
pH7
Name two things that the cells of bacteria and plants both have
cell wall,
cytoplasm
True or False: All cells have a cell wall
False
Yes or No If they have the same H+ inside and out can the cell use a protein to pump it out? If so which one?
Yes, proton pump
where does photosynthesis take place
chloroplast
What kind of chemical bonds cause water molecules to stick together
hydrogen bond
2 substances plants combine 2 make gluclose
water and co2
What organelle serves as the control center of the cell
nucleus
Which organelle reads RNA
ribosome
ATP without oxygen
ATP with Oxygen
2
36
What is the source of energy for photosynthesis
light
Besides lipid, what else do you find in cell membranes
proteins
2nd law of thermodynamics
disorder in the universe increases
3 structures of the endomembrane system
golgi apparatus,
endoplasmic reticulum,
lysosome
What are the two functions of carbohydrates?
enery source,
sometimes structural
3 ways cells move
cilia, flagella, pseudopodia
3 organelle of DNA
Nucleus, mitochondira, chloroplast
2 stuctures that plant cells have that animals cells dont
cell wall
chloroplasts
Can muscles make ATP without oxygen? if so how?
Yes, aneorobic respiration
2 parts of photosynthesis
light and dark
True or False: Scientists consider a theory something that is only an educated guess about how things work
False
Name one way in which plant cells are different from animal cells
cell wall
What is the smallest unit of life?
Cell
What part of a cell is made mostly or phospholipids
Cell membrane
Suppose that after watching the waves on a beach I hypothesize that waves are caused by invisible hands of spirits that live in the ocean. Is this a good scientific hypothesis? If not what is wrong with it.
no, there is no way to test this
Name 5 properties of life
Homeostasis,
heredity,
cellular organization,
reproducation,
matabolism
Name 3 functions of proteins in living cells
Carrying out tasks
structure
energy storage

Why is it more healthy to eat fish and vegtables than to eat beef and pork? (Hint:I'm looking for something to do with lipids)
They have unsaturated fats opposed to the saturated fats in beef & pork
According to modern cell theory, how many times did life evolve on earth from non-living chemicals?
1
What type of macromolecules is responsible for storing and processing information
Nucleic Acids
when plants split the water what do they take from the cell
electrons
When atoms lose electron
oxidation
How many times more acidic is a solution with pH2 than a solution of with pH8
1,000,000
Tell me one unusual property of water
It has a 100 degree area in which it stays liquid
Hemoglobin is the protein in your blood tha carries oxygen. It is made of four separate protein chains joined together. What level of protein structure is this?
Quaternary
Which type of cell is the simplest, with no internal structures
Procaryotic
Rise in temp or PH what happens to the enzymes?
stops working
Enzymes reduce what kind of chemical reaction
activation energy
Site on the enzyme that the substate bonds
active site
Name the 6 Kingdoms
Eubacteria
Animalia
archabacteria
protista
plantae
fungi
Proteins are long chains of
amino acids
Three types of chemical bonds
covalent
ionic
hydrogen
Which one of the chemical bonds happens when atoms share electrons
covalent