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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is an organic compound?
the study of all compounds that contain bonds metween carbon atoms
What is a macromolecule?
a giant molecule
What is polymerization?
the process by which large ompounds are built by joining smaller ones together
What are monomers?
the smaller units that form polymers
What are polymers?
what is formed by the monomers
What are the 4 groups of organic compounds found in all living things?
carbohydrates, lipids, mucleic acids, and proteins
What are carbohydrates made out of, and what is their main purpose?
made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
main purpose is to provide energy for all living things
What are monosaccharides?
single sugar molecules
What are polysaccharides?
the large macromolecules formed by monosaccharides
What are lipids?
a large and varied group of biological molecules used to store energy
What are nucleic acids?
macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus
What are the 3 parts of nucleoties?
5-carbon sugar
phosphate group
nitrogen base
What do nucleotides do>
store and transmit heredity genetic inormation (RNA and DNA)
What are proteins?
polymers of amino acids that control the rate of reactions, form bonds and musclces, and transport substances into or out of cells/fight disease
What are amino acids?
compounds with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group at the other