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38 Cards in this Set

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The largest phylum among all animal phyla.
Arhtropoda
The success of arthropods is probably the result of very helpful adaptations such as
Flexible body segmentation
External and light skeleton
Jointed very adaptable appendages
Many Arthropods undergo a very complex developmental process called
metamorphosis
Metamorphosis
Developmental process where vastly different physiological, morphological, behavioral and ecological stages of an individual will appear sequentially through their ontogeny.
Arthropod classification is based on
Modification of their appendages and body regions.
1) Uropod
2) Telson
3) Abdomen
4) Tergum
5) Cephalothorax
6) Carapace
7) Compound Eye
8) Antenna
9) Rostrum
10) Cheliped
11) Walking legs (Pereopods)
12) Swimmerets (Pleopods)
Label
1) Telson
2) Uropod
3) Anus
4) Abdomen
5) Testis
6) Heart
7) Cephalothorax
8) Stomach
9) Brain
10) Rostrum
11) Eye
12) Antenna
13) Digestive gland
14) Copulation swimmeret
15) Swimmerets
Label
Hemimetabolism
Incomplete metamorphosis. The development of certain insects that includes three distinct stages: the egg, nymph, and adult (imago) stage. The organism goes through gradual changes with no pupal stage.
Holometabolism
Complete metamorphosis. These insect groups go through four stages: embryo, larvae, pupa, and adult (imago).
Tegnata
segment grouped together
These are marine, spiny-skinned, slow moving, voracious animals
Phylum Echinodermata
This phylum has bilateral symmetrical larvae which change into adults that have pentamerous radial symmetry.
Echinodermata
This phylum is a true coelomate and deuterostomes
Echinodermata
This phylum has a water vascular system unique to the organisms
Echinodermata
This phylum has organisms which are coelomates, segmented, deuterostomes, bilaterally symmetric, dorsal hollow nerve cord, longitudinal flexible supportive rod (notochord), pharyngeal gills, and a postanal tail.
Chordata
Subphylum ____ is the largest and most familiar group of Phylum ____ which have the notochord partially or totally replaced by cartilage or bone.
Vertebrata, Chordata
Vertebrata are seperated by
The adaptations of the cranium (protection to the brain)
These lower veretebrates are seperated from the rest of the phylum.
Jawless fishes and cartilaginous fishes
Fish have which:

Spine, Tail, Jaws, Opposable thumb
Spine, Tail, Jaws
Monkey has which:

Spine, Tail, Jaws, Opposable thumb
Spine, Tail, Jaws, Opposable thumb
Lamprey has which:

Spine, Tail, Jaws, Opposable thumb
Spine, Tail
1) Tentacles
2) Tube feet
Label
1) Madreporite
2) Location of anus
3) Arm
4) Spine
5) Pedicellariae
6) Dermal branchiae (skin gills)
7) Ambulacral grooves
8) Mouth
9) Peristome
10) Retracted Tube feet
11) Extended Tube feet
Label
1) Eye spot
2) Intestinal caeca
3) Anus
4) Pyloric caecum (digestive gland)
5) Ambulacral ridge
6) Pyloric stomach
7) Cardiac stomach
8) Gonads
Label
1) Stone canal
2) Madreporite
3) Ring canal
4) Radial canals
5) Ampullae
Label
1) Ampulla
2) Gonad
3) Coelom
4) Spines
5) Digestive gland
6) Ossicles of endoskeleton (beneath epidermis)
7) Radial canal
8) Transverse canal
9) Ambulacral groove
10) Tube foot
Label
How many segments do chilopoda have?
15-173
How many segments do diplopoda have?
11-60
This Class has a Head and a Trunk
Chilopoda, Diplopoda
This Class has a Head, Thorax, and Abdomen
Insecta
This Class has a cephalothorax and abdomen
Malacostraca
This Class has a Prosoma and Opisthosoma
Arachnida, Merostomata
Describe the tagmatization of Malacostraca
cephalothorax, abdomen
Describe the tagmatization of arachnida
prosoma, opisthosoma
Describe the tagmatization of merostomata
prosoma, opisthosoma
Describe the tagmatization of chilopoda
head, trunk
Describe the tagmatization of diplopoda
head, trunk
Describe the tagmatization of insecta
head, thorax, abdomen