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114 Cards in this Set

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Top or dorsal side of a starfish
aboral surface
"without jaws"; lamprey, hagfish
agnatha
embrace of a female frog that results in the release of eggs by the female
amplexus
bulb-like sac located at the upped end of each tube foot in a starfish
ampulla
valve located between the left ventricle and the aorta
aortic
bottom, pointed end of the heart that rests on the diaphragm
apex
general term for vessels that carry blood from the heart
arteries
type of joint in shoulders and hips
ball and socket
top of the heart
base
valve located between the left atrium and the left ventricle
bicuspid
oxygen rich, bright red (except pulmonary)
blood in arteries
oxygen poor, dark red (except pulmonary)
blood in veins
scientific name for heel
calcaneus
thin,fragile blood vessels that are the actual site of gas exchange
capillaries
tough outer covering of a crawfish's body
carapace
one of 2 stomachs in a starfish; exits through the mout in order to feed
cardiac stomach
order of mammals; dog, cat, otter, bear
carnivora
major artery that supplies blood to the brain
carotid
organism that produced its own food with the aid of minerals or other chemicals
chemoautotroph
order of flying mammals
chiroptera
"cartilage fish;" sharks, skates, rays
chrondrichthyes
structures that the paramecia use for movement
cilia
scientific name for the collar bone
clavicle
cavity for frogs that collects indigestible waste from the large intestine, urine from kidneys, sex cells.
cloaca
organelle in paramecium that removes excess water and maintains homeostasis
contractile vacuole
major artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle itself
coronary
scientific term for the skull bone
cranium
protective layer that surrounds the body of a roundworm
cuticle
arthropod with ten legs
decapod (crawfish)
muscle in mammals that helps with breathing
diaphragm
phase of blood pressure associated with ventricular relaxation
diastole
first part of frog's small intestine
duodenum
"spiny skin"
echinodermata
method used by bats to locate prey; use sound waves
echolocation
mammals are _____. (or warmblooded)
endothermic
red blood cells; carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide
erthyrocytes
type of fertilization in starfish and most amphibians
external fertilization
structure in paramecium that helps to monitor the environment by detecting light changes
eyespot
longest, strongest bone in the body
femur
small bone in the lower leg
fibula
structures that the euglena use for movement
flagella
parasitic flatworm that is leaf-shaped and lives internally in the lungs, liver, or blood of its host
fluke
number of chambers in a mammal's heart
4
organ that stores bile
gall bladder
major artery that supplies blood to the stomach
gastric
scientific name of the calf muscle
gastrocnemius
first part of an organism's scientific name
genus
muscular portion of an earthworm's digestive system responsible for grinding food
gizzard
type of joint located in the wrist and ankles
gliding
scientific name of the buttocks muscles
gluteus maximus
glands in frog's skin that secrete a foul-tasting substance to ward off predators
granular glands
major veins of the legs
great saphenous
oraganisms that possess both male and female reproductive organs
hermaphrodites
causes AIDS
HIV
scientific name for high blood pressure
hypertension
order of mammals that have a high metabolic rate; shrew, moles
insectivora
fertilization in sharks
internal fertilization
remove chemical waste from the blood in fish. Frogs and mammals
kidneys
rod-shaped bacteria that causes tooth decay
lactobacilli
order of mammals with double row of upper incisiors; rabbits, hares
lagomorpha
acts as a motion detector in fish
lateral line
strongest chamber of the heart
left ventricle
withe blood cells
leucocytes
connective tissue that connects bone to bone
ligaments
organ that produces bile
liver
disease caused by plasmodium, a type of protozoa
malaria
strongest bone of the face; lower jaw
mandible
mammals that have a short gestation period; continue development in a pouch
marsupial
clear membrane responsible for holding the intestine in place
mesentery
process of shedding the exoskeleton in order to grow
molting
egg-laying mammal; duck-billed platapus and spiny anteater
monotreme
glands in frog's skin that secrete a lubricant to keep the skin moist
mucus gland
scientific term for heart attack
myocardial infarcation
small tubules in earthworms that remove excess water from the coelom
nephridia
part of the brain responsible for smelling
olfactory lobe
gill covering in bony fish; serves as a water filter
operculum
calcium plates that make up the endoskeleton of a starfish
ossicles
class of bony fish
osteichthyes
scientific name for the knee cap
patella
general term for an agent that causes disease
pathogen
study of diseases
pathology
muscle of the chest that allows for adduction or move the arms in front of the body
pectoralis major
type of medication that stops cell wall synthesis in bacteria
penicillin
sac that houses the heart and helps reduce friction
pericardium
example of a free living protozoan that is tapered at the posterior end and spade shaped at the anterior end
planarian
part of blood responsible for blood clotting
platelets
order of mammals with large brains; omnivores, humans, apes
primate
order of mammals; elephants
proboscidea
structures that the amoeba uses for movement
pseudopodia
major vessels that carry oxygen poor blood from the right ventricle into the lungs
pulmonary arteries
major vessels that carry oxygen rich blood into the left atrium
pulmonary veins
valve located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk
pulmonic
muscle located at the end of the stomach that regulates the flow of food into the small intestine
pyloric sphincter
major artery that supplies blood to the kidneys
renal
part of skeletal system that protects the heart and lungs
rib cage
order of mammals with high reproductive capacity; squirrel, rats, mice
rodentia
muscle that covers the thigh; used to sit indian style
sartoris
external blood clot
scab
knob shaped, anterior end of an earthworm
scolex
bristles on the exterior end of an eartworm
setae
involuntary, unstraited muscle found in internal organs such as the stomach
smooth muscle
smooth muscles are: _____, ____, and found ______
involuntary, unstraited, and found in internal organs like the stomach
term used to decribe the reproductive behavior of fish (eggs layed then fertilized externally)
spawning
scientific name for the breastbone
sternum
major vessels that carry oxygen poor blood into the right atrium
superior and inferior vena cavae
organ found in bony fish taht is used for boyancy
swim bladder
science of grouping organisms according to characteristics
taxonomy
incisors, canines, premolars, molars
teeth in mammals
connective tissue taht connects bone to muscle
tendons
number of chambers in a frog's heart
3
valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
tricuspid
organs in starfish that aid in movement, feeding ,respiration, and excretion
tube feet
general term for vessels that carry blood to the heart
veins
network of water-filled canals in a starfish
water vascular system