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17 Cards in this Set

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Liquid waste formed in the kidneys in mammals.
What is Urine? p170
Contains mostly water, but also salts & Urea - a compound formed when the body uses proteins.
Finger-shaped structures in the small intestine through which food molecules enter the blood.
What are Villi? p156
Increase surface area of small intestine where food molecules can be absorbed through their blood vessels.
A muscle that a person can control.
What is a Voluntary Muscle?
p184
Ex. Skeletal muscles are commanded by you in arms, legs , and face for throwing, jumping and smiling.
These specialized cells for taste are on different parts of tongue.
What are Taste Bud Receptor Cells? p. 177
4 Taste Areas: tip = sweet, front sides = salty, middle sides = sour, & back palate = bitter.
This system of human body controls the activities of the body by the Central part (brain & spinal cord) and Peripheral part (nerves outside the CNS) carrying messages to all parts of body.
What is the Nervous System?
p170
Sends messages for the 5 senses to brain for interpretation.
Nerves that send messages between the central nervous system and other body parts.
What is the Peripheral Nervous System? p171
Sends messages of the 5 senses to brain for interpretation.
The brain and spinal cord with Medulla Oblongata which controls all activities of human body.
What is the Central Nervous System? p172
Controls voluntary & involuntary body function.
Connects brain to spinal cord and involuntary body functions like breathing, digestion, & heart rate.
What is the Brain Stem and Medulla Oblongata? p173
transports messages to & from brain and controls involuntary body functions.
Upper heart chambers that receive blood returning to heart.
What are the Right and Left Atria? p119
Left Atrium receives blood from lungs (bright red)enriched with oxygen while the Right Atrium receives blood from the blood from the body (blue) which is low in oxygen.
The lower two heart chambers which pump blood out of heart to all body parts.
What are the Left and Right Ventricles? p119
This left chamber is a thick, powerful muscle sending blood out through the Aorta to rest of body. The right chamber pumps blood to lungs to pick up oxygen.
This system consists of over 600 muscles in body which work with skeletal system to produce movement.
What is the Muscular System?
pp182-184
Consists of the voluntary and involuntary type muscles.
This system breaks down food for our cells to use for energy.
What is the Digestive System?
pp154-155
Includes mouth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, & large intestine and Peristalsis Movement.
This system gets rid of the bodies liquid waste products.
What is the Excretory System?
p170
Includes the two kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.
A system that coordinates body activities through many glands that produce chemical substances called hormones into the bloodstream.
What is the Endocrine System?
pp124-125
Organs of the E_______ System are the : Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancrease, Ovaries, & Testes.
A system that pumps blood throughout the body and exchanges oxygen for carbon dioxide while feeding cells nutrients in the blood.
What is the Circulatory System? pp 118-119
All these systems have a set of tubes and one/more pumps called hearts.
The function of this system is to get rid of cabon dioxide. Also, the lungs help in putting oxygen back in the blood in the Alveoli at end of the bronchioles.
What is the Respiratory System? p166-167
Air is taken into the body through the larynx or voice box. A flap prevents food from entering the larynx when swallowing. Oxygen is recycled through the trachea.
The trachea separates into r. & l. bronchi which separate into bronchioles , and alveoli
This system collects fluid from blood that leaks into body tissues daily (up to 3 qts.) and returns it to the circulatory system. This fluid contains special white blood cells (Lymphocites) which fight disease.
What is the Lymphatic System? pp. 166-267
Lymph is filtered by lymph nodes and tonsils. Organs include Tonsils, Thymus, Lymph vessels, Spleen, & Lymph Nodes. Thymus gland helps white blood cells grow while the spleen destroys damaged red blood cells.