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134 Cards in this Set

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liquid molecules stick to the ends of capillaries causing the liquid to jump up and rise.
Adhesion
a hormone secreted in the adrenal gland that raises blood pressure, produces a rapid heartbeat, and acts as a neurotransmitter when the body is subjected to stress or danger. raises blood pressure, produces a rapid heartbeat
Adrenaline
this is the continent that human life is thought to have started on
Africa
soil field
Agri
a virus that can be passed through intercourse and results in death
Aids
form of gene; one of two or more alternative forms of a gene, occupying the same position (locus) on paired chromosomes and controlling the same inherited characteristic.
Allele
The building blocks of proteins.
Amino Acids
A substance, such as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or of other microorganisms. They are widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Your doctor gives them to you when you're sick.
Antibiotics
A drug which serves to reduce or eliminate the effects of histamine, allergic reactions, through action at the histamine receptor. Also known as H1-antihistamines.
Anti-Histamine
the main artery leading out of the left atrium going to the rest of the body.
Aorta
water
Aqu-
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Artery
body chamber or cavity: a cavity or chamber of the body, especially one of the upper chambers of the heart that takes blood from the veins and pumps it into a ventricle
Atrium
Very small, single-celled life-forms that can reproduce quickly.
Bacteria
the main male seal lion of the Galapagos Islands that is entitled to all the female sea lions on the beach
Beach Master
ship where Charles Darwin worked as a biologist
Beagle
The valve on the right side of the heart when shut makes the sound
Biscupid
this is a large explosion that happened about 6 billion years ago that created the universe and we are still moving away from the spot of the explosion because of it
Big Bang
A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum and aids in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.
Bile
a disease spread by birds, which is in Asia right now and slowly spreading throughout the world.
Bird Flu
a mass of thickened blood
Blood Clot
different carbohydrate flags (Examples: A-, B-, AB-, O-, A+, B+, AB+, O+)
Blood Type
bleeding underneath the skin
Bruise
an extremely small blood vessel that connects arterioles and venuoles
Capillary
Capillary action is a physical effect caused by the interactions of a liquid with the walls of a thin tube. The capillary effect is a function of the ability of the liquid to wet a particular material.
Capillary Action
the smallest structural unit of an organism that is capable of independent functioning
Cell
cylindrical organelle, found in pairs arranged at right angles to each other at the centre of a centrosome, found in eukaryotes (except in higher plants). The centrosome organizes formation of a spindle during mitosis or meiosis.
Centrioles
A complex of nucleic acids and proteins, primarily histones, in the cell nucleus that stains readily with basic dyes and condenses to form chromosomes during cell division.
Centromere
a food that contains insects and manufactures usually put in more that what they say
Cereal
a coating on the lips that has become addictive to teenage girls
Chapstick
PEA and Dopamine are released from chocolate that's why it is given as a gift of love
Chocolate
these are thought to be the four main components of the universe: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
CHON
the most condensed and constricted region of a chromosome, to which the spindle fiber is attached during mitosis.
Chromatin
liquid molecules that like to stick together
Cohesion
body
Corp
against
Counter
through
Dia
when you are attracted to some
Dialated Pupils
Cutting and examining of parts of an animal or plants
Dissection
Deoxyribonucleic acid is another term for DNA. DNA is our genetic information.
DNA
DNA replication or DNA synthesis is the process of copying a double-stranded DNA strand in a cell, prior to cell division. In eukaryotes , this is during the S phase of the cell cycle, preceding mitosis and meiosis. The two resulting double strands are identical, and each of them consists of one original and one newly synthesized strand. This is called semi-conservative replication. The process of replication consists of three steps, initiation, elongation and termination. Artificial DNA replication is carried out through polymerase chain reaction
DNA Replication
when DNA is transferred to a ribosome and replaced with transfer RNA on amino acids.
DNA Transcription
dolphin
dog-like mammal
a chemical naturally produced in the body. In the brain, dopamine functions as a neurotransmitter, activating dopamine receptors. Dopamine is also a neurohormone released by the hypothalamus. Its main function as a hormone is to inhibit the release of prolactin from the anterior lobe of the pituitary.
Dopamine
a famous scientist popularized the theory of relativity and E = mc2
Einstein
is round towards the bottom so when a baby is born it has a round head
female pelvis
The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
fertilization
flower
flor-
one of the B vitamins especially important for a woman to take before conception to help prevent neural tube defects in a fetus.
Folic Acid
this is the famous place that Darwin stopped at on the coast of Ecuador that is home to many exotic species
Galapagos
a group of solar systems together (example: Milky Way)
Galaxy
study of ancestors
Geneology
Genetic make up of an organism
Genotype
divided into 4 different chambers: The right atrium, left atrium, the right ventricle and left ventricle. The heart collects and pumps blood. The main purpose of the heart is to pump blood. We have 2 sets of pumps because we have 2 different types of blood cells. The heart changes deoxygenated blood into oxygenated blood.
Heart
transports oxygen in the red blood cells
Hemoglobin
grass plants
Herb
a virus that revives itself whenever your immune system is weak and forms cold sores
herpes
an amine compound released by cells of the body's immune system in allergic reactions that causes irritation, contraction, stimulation of gastric secretions, and dilation of blood vessels.
Histamine
human
homo
storm caused by extreme low pressure situations
hurricane
the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents.
Hybrid
above
hyper-
below
hypo-
doesn't allow anything to pass through a membrane
impermeable
both alleles are the same because that trait cannot over dominate the other.
incomplete dominance
the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
Infection
medical apparatus to help Polio victims breathe
Iron lung
animal that is extinct, but use to be found of the coast of the Galapagos Islands
Land Iguana
the only type of cactus that is present in lava and is found in the Galapagos Islands
Lava Cactus
is one of four chambers (two atria and two ventricles ) in the human heart . It receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins, and pumps it into this.
Left Atrium
bottom of the left ventricle that pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta into the body to distribute oxygen.
Left Ventricle
the noise that is made by the bicuspid, tricuspid, and semilunar valves of the heart.
LUB DUB
A nearly colorless fluid that bathes body cells and moves through the lymphatic vessel of the body.
Lymph
what comes out of a volcano when it erupts
Magma
bad
Mal
cell division where cells make exact copies of themselves
Mitosis
a primitive man who has a similar DNA to humans
Mungo man
an atom that makes up 78% of air on earth
Nitrogen
eight
Oct
The release of an egg from the ovary.
Ovulation
a hormone released by the pituitary gland that stimulates contractions of the womb during childbirth and triggers the secretion of milk from the breast during nursing.
Oxytocin
an electronic device that is surgically implanted into the patient's heart and chest to regulate heartbeat.
Pacemaker
world wide epidemic
Pandemic
a stimulant released during the first periods of a relationship to make you feel head over heels for that person which wears off after you get used to this feeling.
PEA
what an organism looks like
Phenotype
the process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source
Photosynthesis
seaweed
Phyc-
fluid component of blood, the clear yellowish fluid component of blood, lymph, or milk, excluding the suspended corpuscles and cells.
Plasma
A small blood cell needed for normal blood clotting.
Platelet
The condition of a woman or female mammal from conception until birth; the condition of being pregnant.
Pregnancy
This is what the oceans were made of before life began on earth. It had everything one needed to live and the original cells lived off of it
Primitive Soup
The stage of adolescence in which an individual becomes physiologically capable of sexual reproduction
Puberty
the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
Pulse
offspring produced by self fertilization or continual interbreeding
Pure
A pale yellow or green fluid found where there is an infection
Pus
where there is a lot of salt in the water and you can float
Red Sea
Tending to go backward or recede.
Recessive
disease that people get from lack of sun and your bones get brittle and because of the lack of sun light
Ricketts
is one of four chambers (two atria and two ventricles in the human heart. It receives de-oxygenated blood from the superior and inferior vena cava, and pumps it into the right ventricle.
Right Atrium
pumps deoxygenated blood into the lungs and is on the right side of the heart.
Right ventricle
Ribonucleic acid; a polymeric constituent of all living cells and many viruses, consisting of a long, usually single-stranded chain of alternating phosphate and ribose units with the bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil bonded to the ribose. The structure and base sequence of RNA are determinants of protein synthesis and the transmission of genetic information.
RNA
Lizard (bioroot)
Saur
write
Scribe
One of a network of achromatic filaments that extend inward from the poles of a dividing cell, forming a spindle-shaped figure.
Spindle Fibers
very big volcanoes that cause a lot of destruction Like the Tobin, and Yellowstone super volcano
Super Volcano
this is a way to classify things or organize things into groups by splitting them in half several times
Taxonomic Key
(tendonae chordae) these hold the heart's valves so it can only open one-way
Tendon Chords
the male reproductive organs
Testes
an idea formed by speculation
Theory
this is the volcano that erupted about 60,000 years ago that left the earth in "winter" for several years and killed all life within 100 miles
Tobin
large land turtles that Darwin studied in the Galapagos
Tortoise
the windpipe
Trachea
to transfer an organ or tissue from one body to another, or from one place in somebody's body to another
Transplant
left outer valve that makes the first heart sounds
Tricuspid
British model that started thinness craze.
Twiggy
closable flap in an organ, a membranous structure in a hollow organ or vessel such as the heart or a vein that prevents the return flow of fluid passing through it by folding or closing
Valve
Abnormally swollen or knotted veins, relating to the destruction of the valves inside
Varicose
any of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. All carry oxygen-depleted blood, except the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs.
Vein
vein carrying de-oxygenated blood to the heart
Vena Cava
thick-walled lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart
Ventricle
This is the fleshly, wrinkled fold of skin that hangs from the neck of a turkey
Wattle
the air moving
Wind
the DNA chunk that makes a man a man
Y-Chromosomes
a national park in Wyoming that was established to help preserve the land
Yellow Stone National Park
fertilized egg
Zygote
Explain the heart of a fetus
There is a blood vessel called the arterial duct that is found in babies before they’re born.
The arterial duct connects the aorta and pulmonary artery.
It is the dividing wall between the right and left interatrial septum. The interventricular septum is between the right and left ventricles.
The foramen ovule is a hole between the right and lefts artias of the heart.
The blood coming into the heart doesn’t need to go the lungs in a fetus so the blood goes directly to the body.
The body enters the heart through the vena cava and goes to the right atrium and through the bicuspid valve, then through the pulmonary semilunar. From there the blood goes through the pulmonary artery and from there directly through the arterial and into the aorta. From the aorta the blood goes to the body and then begins the process again.
Explain the symptoms of an infection
When you get an infection, the chemical histamine is released.
Histamine does three things: makes arteries bigger in that area, capillaries open their holes in walls to make them bigger so more fluid leaks, and it attracts white blood cells. So, when you get an infection, the area where the infection is gets red, warm and swells because of the histamine. If there’s more fluid, there’s more pressure in the nerves which makes them sensitive and causes more pain. Pain helps you not do something so you don’t re-injure yourself. The more white cells, the better you can fight off the infection.
What happens when you stay still?
Movement of the body circulates blood back to the heart, because the heart only has enough strength to push the blood half way.
When you stay still for too long the blood doesn’t go back to your heart because gravity is pulling it down. When you’re standing without moving for to long you body will tell you to fall down and if you don’t it will for you automatically…fainting.
Fainting makes you fall horizontally on the floor which allows the blood to flow back into your brain, since gravity was pulling the blood down.
A work man at a cashier stands all day with little movement, blood gathers at the feet, then the feet swell, so they put their feet up to get the blood away from the feet.
Put shoes at time your going to wear them because in the morning your feet are smaller since you’ve been sleeping horizontally all night, in the evening you have been standing up all day there for all the blood is in your feet causing them to be bigger.
Explain Capillary Action
Capillaries are tiny blood vessels
The vessels are so small that blood cells have to turn to a side to go through – with that, it creates friction
Capillary action: pushes blood through the capillaries making the blood cells go through
The heart looses force when blood gets to capillary but the force isn’t strong enough to push the blood through the capillaries back to the heart because of so much friction
Think of straw diagram (thick vs. thin straw) also think about clothing tube with food coloring (the smaller the tube, the higher the liquid goes up)
draw a diagram of what onion root mitosis looks like under a microscope
Interphase --> Prophase --> Metaphase --> Anaphase --> Telephase
When you have a fever, what temperature are bacteria comfortable at? At what temperature should you start taking care of a fever and which should you not? Why?
Bacteria are comfortable at 98.6o (your regular body temperature), once your temperature reaches 104-105o you should start fighting off the fever but anything under that should be left alone so the body can get rid of the bacteria by itself. Your parents really should not try to lower your fever when you are sick but they want the pain to go away.
Cause of eye dilation and how it effects social interactions
1. Stores and parties dimming lights
When you see something that’s scary or you’re attracted to or something your interested in your eyes dilate…eyes dilate with dim lights…feel friendlier…when you meet a guy for the first time if he thinks you’re pretty eyes will dilate...dark eyes are mysterious because you cant tell when they dilate…
Explain what allergies are, how you get them, and how antihistamine can fight them off.
When you are allergic to dust and you are near dust or working with dust, your body will start to leak in places where dust can reach, such as eyes, nose (that’s why we have runny eyes and noses). The histamine changes the permeability of the capillaries causing them to leak. Antihistamine the leakage will reduce.
Why would there be an evolutionary advantage to having kids be different? We want a lot of variation among humans so some humans have right combinations in order to survive the changes of a future environment…better to have different kids in hopes that some will be pre-adapted to future environment- ex. Britney Spears and Jessica Simpson only people on earth (millions of Britney Spears and Jessica Simpsons) chances of them getting disease or not surviving are very likely opposed to having different kids
How a cell is like a movie theater (5 examples)
Food vacoule like a concession stand
Carbohydrate flags are like the tickets.
Corndog is like the guy who checks for tickets.
Chromosomes like the boys and girls.
Waste vacuole is like the bathroom.