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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the six functions of proteins?
enzymes, channels, structure, movement, communcication, gene regulation
What are the three types of RNA?
messenger, ribosomal, transfter
Where does transcription and translation occur?
transcription-nucleus
translation-cytoplasm
What is the formula for photosynthesis?
6CO2+6H20->C6H12O6+6O2
What are the three stages of cellular respiration?
glycolysis, krebs cycle, ETC
What does photosynthesis require in addition to water and carbon dioxide?
sunlight
Plants gather the suns energy with light-absorbing molecules called?
pigments
What regions of the spectrum does the chlorophyll absorb light well?
red and blue
Where do the light-dependent reactions take placE?
thylakoid membrane
What does the calvin cycle use to produce high-energy sugars?
ATP, NADPH, Co2
The energy from the elctrons moving down the ETC is used to move H+ ions accross the?
inner membrane
What is the gain in ATP from aerobic respiration>
36 ATP
metabolsim
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
coupled
refers to reactions that occur together
anabolism
reactions that build large molecules from small ones
potential
stored energy
exothermic
describes chemical reactions in which energy is released
kinetic
energy of motion
catabolism
general term for reactions that break down large molecules
chemical
high energy bonds in ATP
endothermic
describes chemical reactions in which energy is absorbed
What determines climate?
green house effect, latitute, heat transport inthe biosphere
What are the 7 essential functions of animals?
feeding, respiration, circulation, excretion, response, movement, reproduction
zygote
fertilized egg
protosome
oraganism shoe mouth forms from blastopore
deuterosome
organism whose anus forms from blastopore
What are the four characteristics of chordates?
tail that extends beyond the anus, dorsal hollow nerve tube, notochord, pharyngeal pouches
What are the 8 chracteristics of mammals?
hair, mammary glands,jawjoint allowing sideways movement, complex teeth replaced once, endothermic, subctaneous fat,live youung,4chambered heart
List three metabolic wastes
excess salts, CO2, urea
urea
toxic product of amino acid metabolism
What do the skins and lungs release?
water, salts, Co2
What are the two main parts of the kidney?
inner-renal medulla
outer-renal cortex
nephron
smal independent processing until to remove wastes
glomerulus
small network of capillaires carries blood to Bowmans Capsule
Bowmans Capsule
cup shaped structure surrounding the glomerulus. Site of filtration
Loop of Henle
section of kindey nephron where H20 is reabsorbed
uretha
tube leading from bladder to outside
renal vein
returns filtered blood to circulation
renal artery
carries waste laden blood to the kidney