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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
One of the following is not a characteristic of epithelial tissue in animals
the cells produce a matrix scattered throughout the layer
One of the following is not a function of epithelial tissue
carry nutrients to tissues and cells
The most widespread connective tissue in the body is
loose connective
One of the following is not a function of adipose tissue
control glucose uptake in cells
One function of this tissue is to line joints between bones to allow for less friction:
cartilage
Connective tissue is :
a loose collection of cells, composed of cells and matrix, composed of collagenous, elastic and reticular fibers
One of the following (in the hierarchy of life) encompasses all the others:
organism
Which of the following tissues produces voluntary body movements:
skeletal muscles
Chondrocytes
produce the matrix in cartilage
Which of these cells do not have a nucleus in mammals
erythrocytes
11. The matrix of blood is:
plasma
12. Organs are composed of
connective, epithelial, muscle and nervous tissue
13. Which of the following tissue types are excitable and will conduct an impulse forward to another cell:
nervous and muscle
14. Which of the following structures or substances is incorrectly paired with a tissue:
chondroitin
15. Epithelial tissue lining the entire digestive tract:
secretes mucous to protect the organs, absorbs nutrients, and secretes acid and enzymes
16. Your skin is covered with squamos epithelial cells:
that are dropped from your body everywhere you go
17. These fibers are strong but lack elasticity and are the most abundant protein in the body:
collagen
18. How is body size related to metabolic rate:
metabolic rate is inversely related to body size
19. Bio-energetic strategies for ectotherms are different from endotherms:
because higher metabolisms of endotherms produces more energy and heat and requires more fuel
20. The result desired when an enzyme or hormones gets a response from the target cells then causes the production of the enzyme or hormone to shut down when levels of the product or result are at certain level. This is known as
negative feedback
The basic function of the endocrine system is:
coordination of body activities
The internal distribution of materials in the body is a function of:
circulation
Light energy drives the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon. These organisms are known as:
photoautotrophic
Organic molecules supply carbon and energy in organisms called:
chemoautotrophic
Obligate aerobes:
use oxygen to produce energy
One of these minerals is not used by the body in large amounts:
chromium
Intracellular digestion:
in sponges involves phagocytosis of food molecules into cells where digestion occurs
Nitrogen gas is not a form that plants can use. It is converted into nitrates most often by:
bacteria
The source of carbon for plants and animals is different. Plants get carbon from:
burning of fossil fuels, cellular respiration, CO2 in the atmosphere
All living things are composed of predominantly water. The main source of water is:
precipitation from clouds, evaporation from bodies of water, especially the ocean, condensation of water droplets in the clouds
All of the following are of the components of your blood:
CO2, O2, hormones and glucose
All of the following do not have a vascular system except:
flowering plants
The water potential in land plants involves:
pressure within the cell wall, solute concentration within the cell and osmosis
Negative pressure in the ends of xylem vessels pulls “sap” upward from the roots. The negative pressure is caused by:
transpiration
Water and mineral absorption in the roots of plants is facilitated by:
the amount of water in the soil.
Small invertebrates such as flatworms and jellies exchange gases with their environments by:
simple diffusion
Circulatory systems that are contained within vessels and “pumped” around by hearts are called:
closed systems
Which of the following have a 2-chambered heart:
Sharks
Which of the following have a 4-chambered heart:
crocodiles
A heart attack is usually caused by a constriction or blockage in :
coronary arteries
The sound you hear from the heart are produced by:
the valves closing
If the heart sounds are lub0shhh-dup then:
the AV valves are leaking
What initiates the contrction of heart muscle:
Sinoatrial nodes
Arteries
withstand greater pressure and velocity than veins or capillaries
Blood flow varies throughout tissues. These need the highest most consistent blood flow:
kidneys, heart, and brain
From the right ventricle blood flows through the:
pulmonary atery
Returning from the lungs, blood flows through the:
pulmonary vein
In the aveoli of the lungs:
O2 diffuses into the blood
This structure covers your trachea when you swallow:
epiglottis
In capillary beds in your liver:
lymph capillaries help maintain water and protein levels, oxygen diffuse into the cells of the liver to fuel the mitochondrial conversion of ATP and CO2 diffuses into the blood bc its a waste product of cellular respiration
The sound you hear from the heart are produced by:
the valves closing
If the heart sounds are lub0shhh-dup then:
the AV valves are leaking
What initiates the contrction of heart muscle:
Sinoatrial nodes
Arteries
withstand greater pressure and velocity than veins or capillaries
Blood flow varies throughout tissues. These need the highest most consistent blood flow:
kidneys, heart, and brain
From the right ventricle blood flows through the:
pulmonary atery
Returning from the lungs, blood flows through the:
pulmonary vein
In the aveoli of the lungs:
O2 diffuses into the blood
This structure covers your trachea when you swallow:
epiglottis
In capillary beds in your liver:
lymph capillaries help maintain water and protein levels, oxygen diffuse into the cells of the liver to fuel the mitochondrial conversion of ATP and CO2 diffuses into the blood bc its a waste product of cellular respiration
The sound you hear from the heart are produced by:
the valves closing
If the heart sounds are lub0shhh-dup then:
the AV valves are leaking
What initiates the contrction of heart muscle:
Sinoatrial nodes
Arteries
withstand greater pressure and velocity than veins or capillaries
Blood flow varies throughout tissues. These need the highest most consistent blood flow:
kidneys, heart, and brain
From the right ventricle blood flows through the:
pulmonary atery
Returning from the lungs, blood flows through the:
pulmonary vein
In the aveoli of the lungs:
O2 diffuses into the blood
This structure covers your trachea when you swallow:
epiglottis
In capillary beds in your liver:
lymph capillaries help maintain water and protein levels, oxygen diffuse into the cells of the liver to fuel the mitochondrial conversion of ATP and CO2 diffuses into the blood bc its a waste product of cellular respiration